<strong> – ISSN 2283-9364</strong> is a scientific, peer-reviewed, open access e-journal, published twice a year. It publishes original research and reviews on bibliography, information science, books, libraries and documentations across historical and geographical boundaries. In these fields the journal aims at highlighting processes of knowledge management and dissemination in the past and in the present societies. Dipartimento di Beni Culturali - Alma Mater Studiorum - Università di Bologna en-US 2280-7934 <p>The copyrights of all the texts on this journal belong to the respective authors without restrictions .</p> <div><a href="" rel="license"> <img src="" alt="Creative Commons License" /> </a></div> <p>This journal is licensed under a <a href="" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License</a> (<a href="">full legal code</a>). <br />See also our <a href="">Open Access Policy</a>.</p> <h3 id="metadata">Metadata</h3> <div><a href="" rel="license"> <img style="border-style: none;" src="" alt="CC0" /> </a></div> <p>All the metadata of the published material is released in the public domain and may be used by anyone free of charge. This includes references.</p> <p>Metadata — including references — may be re-used in any medium without prior permission for both not-for-profit and for-profit purposes. We kindly ask users to provide a link to the original metadata record.</p> Ranganathan and the social role of Bibliography <p>The term Bibliography in a title of one of Ranganathan’s works (Physical Bibliography for Librarians) is unusual, because it occurs only in two other volumes that Ranganathan dedicates to reference service, and curious, because for the disciplinary field of libraries Ranganathan is famous for having spread the expression Library science. The presentation dwells on the meaning of Social bibliography and develops it in two directions: the relationship with other disciplines that deal with books, and the analysis of the concept of the book as a trinity consisting of a soul, a subtle body and a gross body. Ranganathan’s reflection on the concept of Bibliography leads him to emphasise once again the ever contemporary dimension of the library as a social institution.</p> Carlo Bianchini Copyright (c) 2023 Carlo Bianchini 2023-05-24 2023-05-24 12 1 44 62 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/16787 A living library: Padma Shri S.R. Ranganathan (1892-1972), the Sole Architect of Indian Library Movement Mohinder Partap Satija Copyright (c) 2023 M. P. Satija 2023-05-24 2023-05-24 12 1 279 289 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/16786 The application of Linked Open Data to the creation of book numbers <p>The research starts from some questions left open by a previous study, which had demonstrated the possibility of creating in an automated way the class numbers of the Colon Classification of some works of Italian literature. The article examines the entire process of creating book numbers - an additional part to the class number envisaged by the Colon Classification - starting from the extraction of the necessary data from the Primo catalogue of the University of Udine and, by means of SPARQL queries, from the endpoint of data.bnf. fr. It is then shown how, through the use of the OpenRefine software, the data were organised and the notation of the publications examined was created. The research thus confirmed the possibility of automated or semi-automated creation of class numbers for works and demonstrated the feasibility of creating book numbers.</p> Caterina Licul Copyright (c) 2023 Caterina Licul 2023-05-24 2023-05-24 12 1 249 278 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/16785 The origins of the Reference: analysis and development of the service <p>This paper analyzes the origins and development of the reference service and how it has become the most important practice within libraries. Through a historical investigation that begins in the second half of the nineteenth century and continues beyond the middle of the twentieth century, the diffusion of this activity in its various components and ramifications is outlined, focusing on the application differences present in the various types of library institutions. The research analyzes the causes that led to the birth of this activity, which has completely revolutionized the way of perceiving libraries and their work. Using the sources of the main authors who have dealt with this topic, it is possible to understand the growth of the concept of “assistance” towards readers, its various extensions and above all the consequences that these ideas had on the evolution of the image of libraries within the society.</p> Paolo Cucchetti Copyright (c) 2023 Paolo Cucchetti 2023-05-24 2023-05-24 12 1 223 248 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/16784 Library geopolitics: Camerani, Ranganathan and the democratic reconstruction of the AIB <p>Starting from 1933, when the first Italian review of a work by Ranganathan signed by Vittorio Camerani (1898-1961, librarian of the International Institute of Agriculture) appeared on the pages of «La Bibliofilia», there was a fruitful relationship between them. It was in particular on the proposal of Ranganathan, with the crucial intermediary of Camerani and Francesco Barberi, that the 17th Session of the IFLA and the Congress of the FID could take place in Rome in&nbsp; September 1951 (and this proved decisive for the return of the AIB in IFLA after the events related to the war). Ranganathan, as known, did not take part in the events and so far any stay in Italy had remained unknown. Also thanks to unpublished documents preserved in the AIB archive, the report studies the relationship between Ranganathan and Camerani and light up on the very brief episodes of the librarian in Italy carried out during his European travels.</p> Enrico Pio Ardolino Copyright (c) 2023 Enrico Pio Ardolino 2023-05-24 2023-05-24 12 1 192 222 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/16783 Ranganathan’s Legacy and Implications of The Five Laws of Library Science on School Librarianship: An Exploratory Study <p>The Covid-19 pandemic has challenged school libraries, affected their services and activities in many ways and led to changes, such as, for instance, reduced opening hours and services, library spaces transformed into a classroom, closures, but also the development of digital collections and delivery of remote services. In such a complex and ever-changing context, the school librarians’ educational role might have been challenged as well. A sound preparation both in education and library science constitutes a steady basis that helps face and overcome disruptions and change. The outstanding works of S.R. Ranganathan are widely recognized for their innovative contribution to library and information science, including school librarianship. In his book New Education and School Library: Experience of half a century (1973), Ranganathan points that the school library is central in the learning and teaching process; its program and several components promote reading, educate to information, inspire and enable users to become critical thinkers and responsible citizens. The Five Laws of Library Science apply to the field of education and school librarianship, too. This contribution aims at presenting an overview of Ranganathan’s legacy in the school library context and, in particular, the relevance of The Five Laws of Library Science in the nowadays’ school librarianship, based on the findings from a self-responding questionnaire, that was distributed through library associations’ list-servs and administered online in March April 2022. Although limited in number, the respondents (28 in total from different continents, except Africa) provided data, comments, and reflections that constitute the basis for further investigation and actions.</p> Luisa Marquardt Raj Kumar Bhardwaj Copyright (c) 2023 Luisa Marquardt, Raj Kumar Bhardwaj 2023-05-24 2023-05-24 12 1 154 191 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/16782 Ranganathan between philosophical and epistemological dilemmas: around the problem of Library Science “scientificity” in the 1930s <p>This paper is to carry out a debate on Ranganathan’s epistemological and methodological dilemmas at the beginning of his bibliographic production in Library Science in the 1930s. As a consequence, the paper point out some interpretations of a given Brazilian hermeneutic about Ranganathan’s work. Our interests are mainly to contribute to the understanding of the philosophical and epistemological role of Ranganathan’s thought. The results demonstrate Ranganathan’s philosophical-epistemological relevance, from logic to pragmatics, from deductive constructions to the social and cultural theories of Library Science. Ranganathan’s philosophy allows us to go from the transcendental plane to the plane of action – from philosophy to the epistemological scheme of a field (its scientificity), to its empirically proven theories (the praxis that transforms reality through the scientific method). It is, therefore, a political philosophy of Library Science, oriented towards the horizon of a documentary democracy.</p> Gustavo Saldanha Copyright (c) 2023 Gustavo Saldanha 2023-05-24 2023-05-24 12 1 123 153 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/16781 Ranganathan and international professional associations <p>This paper aims to analyse Ranganathan’s involvement in international professional associations; specifically, it will look at his contributions within IFLA and the Indian scholar’s activity within FID (Fédération Internationale d’Information et de Documentation). Although Ranganathan’s involvement in IFLA initiatives is mainly related to cataloguing issues, there is no lack of more general reflections on the role the international association should play and its positioning in relation to ‘non-Western’ countries. His participation in FID, on the other hand, is characterised by his active involvement in the creation of FID/CA, FID Committee on Classification Theory.</p> Lucia Sardo Copyright (c) 2023 Lucia Sardo 2023-05-24 2023-05-24 12 1 110 122 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/16776 Between scientific communication, document science and information science: Ranganathan and documentation in the 1950s and 1960s <p>The post-World War II years represent a moment of international reflection on the concept of Documentation, due to the technological-scientific impulse and the constantly growing informational phenomena. Already in 1934, the discussion was outlined by Otlet, giving rise to reflections destined to channel the interests of librarianship and the nascent science of information. An analysis of the process of Ranganathan’s elaboration of the concept of Document and Documentation is proposed in order to understand how the author positions himself, in the rich dialogue involving eminent voices in the field of documentation, from Otlet (1934), Briet (1951) to neo-documentation theorists, in an attempt to better historicize his contribution to the development of Information Science.</p> Giulia Crippa Copyright (c) 2023 Giulia Crippa 2023-05-24 2023-05-24 12 1 83 109 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/16775 The concepts of Document and Documentation from the perspective of Ranganathan <p>This work, presented in May 2022, at the celebrations for the 50th anniversary of the death of Shiyali Ramamrita Ranganathan (1892-1972), takes as its starting point the book Documentation: genesis and development, published in 1971. This book is the result of a conversation that Ranganathan had with young librarians in Bangalore, India, in 1970. The purpose is to reconstruct the central concepts contained in his work, which are the document and Documentation, from the conception of a Ranganathan at the end of his days, whit a wealth of experiences, memories and trips.&nbsp;</p> María Arminda Damus Copyright (c) 2023 María Arminda Damus 2023-05-24 2023-05-24 12 1 63 82 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/16774 Shiyali Ramamrita Ranganathan’s “Library Tour” (1948): the construction of the Indian librarian self through a ‘tour of the West’ <p>The paper analyzes the most consistent travel testimony transmitted by Ranganathan, that relating to his journey in Europe and America in 1948. Through the analysis of the editorial and content structure of the Library Tour, the following aspects will be illustrated: the type of experience or history conducted from the Indian librarian, the planning and conduct of this travel, the professional and scientific reflections that this allowed him, in particular on library science and librarianship, thus responding to the expectations of an Indian government eager to justify and consolidate the independence achieved also through the training sectors and information.</p> Fiammetta Sabba Copyright (c) 2023 Fiammetta Sabba 2023-05-24 2023-05-24 12 1 11 43 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/16773 A Conference in memory of the 50th anniversary S.R. Ranganathan’s (1892-1972) death (Cremona, University of Pavia, May 23rd, 2022) Carlo Bianchini Lucia Sardo Copyright (c) 2023 Carlo Bianchini, Lucia Sardo 2023-05-24 2023-05-24 12 1 1 10 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/16772 Jean-Yves Mollier, <em>Storia dei librai e della libreria dall’antichità ai giorni nostri</em>, traduzione di Alberto Bracci Testasecca, con un saggio di Elisa Marazzi, Roma, E/O, Bologna, NW consulenza e marketing editoriale, 2022 Erica Bertelegni Copyright (c) 2022 Erica Bertelegni 2023-01-24 2023-01-24 12 1 470 480 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/16297 Gabriella Giannachi, <em>Archiviare tutto. Una mappatura del quotidiano</em>, traduzione italiana a cura di Elisa Dalgo e Flavio Iannelli, Roma, Treccani, 2021 Elena Gonnelli Copyright (c) 2022 Elena Gonnelli 2023-01-24 2023-01-24 12 1 467 469 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/16296 Paola Castellucci - Sara Mori, <em>Suzanne Briet nostra contemporanea. Con la prima traduzione italiana di ‘Qu’est-ce que la documentation?’ (1951)</em>, Milano-Udine, Mimesis, 2022 Lucia Sardo Copyright (c) 2022 Lucia Sardo 2023-01-24 2023-01-24 12 1 463 466 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/16295 Maria Teresa Biagetti, <em>La scienza dell’informazione. Identità ed esperienze</em>, Milano, Franco Angeli, 2022 Alfredo Serrai Copyright (c) 2022 Alfredo Serrai 2023-01-24 2023-01-24 12 1 462 462 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/16294 <em>Culture e funzione sociale della biblioteca: memoria, organizzazione, futuro. Studi in onore di Giovanni Di Domenico</em>, redazione a cura di Anna Bilotta, Roma, Associazione Italiana Biblioteche, 2022 Domenico Ciccarello Copyright (c) 2022 Domenico Ciccarello 2023-01-24 2023-01-24 12 1 454 461 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/16293 Vincenzo Trombetta, <em>La stampa a Napoli nell’Ottocento. Una storia per generi editoriali</em>, Firenze, Leo S. Olschki, 2022 Giancarlo Petrella Copyright (c) 2022 Giancarlo Petrella 2023-01-24 2023-01-24 12 1 449 453 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/16292 Ranieri Varese, <em>Materiali per lo studio della produzione a stampa nella Ferrara del XVIII secolo</em>, postfazione di Maria Gioia Tavoni, Bologna, Pendragon, 2022 Valentina Sonzini Copyright (c) 2022 Valentina Sonzini 2023-01-24 2023-01-24 12 1 446 448 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/16291 Erika Guadagnin, <em>La ‘Philosophia’ nella Grande Galleria. Un modello bibliografico per reimmaginare le collezioni dei duchi di Savoia</em>, Milano, Ledizioni, 2022 Fiammetta Sabba Copyright (c) 2022 Fiammetta Sabba 2023-01-24 2023-01-24 12 1 441 445 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/16290 <em>Il patrimonio culturale della Biblioteca Universitaria di Bologna e della città allo specchio dei viaggiatori europei. Esplorazioni tra la prima modernità e l’era contemporanea</em>, saggi e catalogo a cura di Chiara Conterno e Fiammetta Sabba, con la collaborazione di Andrea Moroni ed Elisa Pontini, Bologna, Bologna University Press, 2022 Loretta De Franceschi Copyright (c) 2022 Loretta De Franceschi 2023-01-24 2023-01-24 12 1 438 440 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/16289 Paola Zito, <em>Granelli di senapa all’Indice. Tessere di storia editoriale (1585-1700)</em>, seconda edizione rivista e aggiornata, Macerata, EUM, 2021 Francesca Nepori Copyright (c) 2022 Francesca Nepori 2023-01-24 2023-01-24 12 1 435 437 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/16288 Dennis Duncan, <em>Indice, storia dell’. Dai manoscritti a Google, l’avventurosa storia di come abbiamo imparato a orientarci nel sapere</em>, traduzione di Chiara Baffa, Milano, UTET, 2022 Alfredo Serrai Copyright (c) 2022 Alfredo Serrai 2023-01-24 2023-01-24 12 1 433 434 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/16287 Erasmo da Rotterdam, <em>Paralleli ovvero Similitudini</em>, a cura di Carlo Carena, testo latino a fronte, Torino, Einaudi, 2022 Francesca Nepori Copyright (c) 2022 Francesca Nepori 2023-01-24 2023-01-24 12 1 430 432 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/16286 Lorenzo Baldacchini, <em>Il mio lungo viaggio tra libro antico e biblioteche</em>, Manziana, Vecchiarelli, 2021 Valentina Sestini Copyright (c) 2022 Valentina Sestini 2023-01-24 2023-01-24 12 1 425 429 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/16285 <em>Le</em> <em>Bibbie dei Valdesi. Le collezioni delle biblioteche valdesi di Torre Pellice e Roma</em>, a cura di Marco Fratini, Lorenzo Di Lenardo, Stefania Villani, Torre Pellice, Centro Culturale Valdese, 2021 Lorenzo Mancini Copyright (c) 2022 Lorenzo Mancini 2023-01-24 2023-01-24 12 1 421 424 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/16284 Books that talk to each other Lucio Gambetti Copyright (c) 2022 Lucio Gambetti 2023-01-24 2023-01-24 12 1 415 420 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/16283 “Le biblioteche dei musei e le biblioteche come musei”: a seminar as part of RO.ME - Museum Exhibition (National Central Library of Rome, 16 November 2022) <p>This contribution provides a brief report on the papers presented during the seminar entitled “The libraries of museums and libraries as museums”, held in the afternoon of November 16, 2022 at the Sala Macchia of the National Central Library of Rome, promoted and organized by Fondazione 1563 per l’Arte e la Cultura of the Compagnia di San Paolo as part of RO.ME – Museum Exhibition.</p> Sara Dinotola Copyright (c) 2022 Sara Dinotola 2023-01-24 2023-01-24 12 1 404 414 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/16282 On the border of some correspondences: Teresa Lodi in Florence after World War II among papyri, manuscripts and ancient books <p>The paper intends to deepen, through the study of published and unpublished correspondence and through the analysis of the relationships with some librarians and scholars of the time, the role of Teresa Lodi (1889-1971), librarian and director of the Laurentian Library. In particular, the management of purchases, the conservation and the use of papyrus and parchment materials and books in general are analysed.</p> Francesca Aiello Simona Inserra Copyright (c) 2022 Francesca Aiello, Simona Inserra 2023-01-24 2023-01-24 12 1 381 403 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/16281 The Digital Living Archive and the construction of a participatory cultural memory in the DARE-UIA project (Digital Environment for collaborative Alliances to Regenerate urban Ecosystems in middle-sized cities) <p>Living Archives perform a function of social memory sharing, which contributes to building social bonds, communities, and identities. This potential lays in the ability of Living Archives to put together an archival function, which allows with the conservation and transmission of memory, with an artistic, performative and creative function linked to the present. As part of the DARE-UIA (Digital environment for colaborative alliances to regenerate urban ecosystem in middle-sized cities) project, the creation of a living digital archive made possible to create a narrative that would consolidate the cultural memory of the Darsena district of the city of Ravenna. The aim of the project is to stimulate the urban regeneration of a suburban area of a city, enhancing its cultural memory and identity heritage, through digital heritage tools. The methodology used involves various digital storytelling actions necessary for the overall narrative using georeferencing systems (GIS), storymaps and 3D reconstructions for a transversal narration of historical content such as personal and institutional historical photos and to enhance the industrial archeology heritage of the neighborhood. The aim is the creation of an interactive and replicable narrative in similar contexts to the Darsena district in Ravenna. The Living Archive, in which all the digital contents are inserted, finds its manifestation towards the outside with the form of a museum spread throughout the neighborhood, making the contents usable on smartphones via QR codes and totems inserted on-site, creating thematic itineraries spread around the neighborhood. The construction of an interactive and engaging digital narrative has made possible to enhance the material and immaterial heritage of the neighborhood by recreating the community that has historically always distinguished it.</p> Giulia Cardoni Francesca Fabbri Alessandro Iannucci Copyright (c) 2022 Giulia Cardoni, Francesca Fabbri, Alessandro Iannucci 2023-01-24 2023-01-24 12 1 350 380 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/16278 From bibliometric indicators to qualitative analysis: the valorisation of peer-review in the evaluation of scientific research <p>The use of bibliometric indicators, and in particular of the Impact Factor of journals in evaluating the scientific production of researchers, has recently been subjected to international review, highlighting the need to reconsider the peer-review activity as a procedure that allows to recognize the different activities connected to the research of scholars. The article discusses some reports published internationally – DORA, The Leiden Manifesto, Report of the European Commission of 2021 – and highlights the significant connection between good evaluation practices and the Hong Kong Manifesto, dedicated to research integrity and the ethics of research evaluation.</p> Maria Teresa Biagetti Copyright (c) 2022 Maria Teresa Biagetti 2023-01-24 2023-01-24 12 1 331 349 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/16277 NATO Archives Online: a source system for the history of international relations <p>This article aims to evaluate the nature, structure and potential of the digital archives of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) not only from the archival point of view but also for their usefulness in the frame of the history of international relations. The first part of the work deepens the context of the history of international relations, starting from the definition of the discipline and then reflecting -in a general way- on the types of archival sources available in this regard. In this sense, it will be proposed a brief review of the historical evolution of the concept of diplomatic sources, analysing their characteristics and fields of application in relation to the nature of the different producers involved. Then the work shifts to the specific physiognomy of the NATO archives, focusing on the profile of the producer and the characteristics of the digital documentary material available. In this paragraph, therefore, we try, first of all, to provide an exhaustive description of NATO, from its historical origins to its legal evolution, up to the role it plays today in a post-Cold War world. Subsequently, a description of the funds available online is provided. This description is supplemented by the elements necessary to evaluate and allow the use of these sources both from a technical-archival point of view and from that of the history of international relations. Finally, the last part reflects on the physiognomy of a web-based archive and on the potential that it could expresses, highlighting opportunities and critical issues.</p> Maddalena Valacchi Copyright (c) 2022 Maddalena Valacchi 2023-01-24 2023-01-24 12 1 309 330 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/16273 Virtual exhibition: a return to the past <p>Exhibitions have become increasingly important for libraries and many of them consider exhibition activity as part of their core business. Digitisation and the digital transformation phase have further reinforced this trend. Virtual exhibitions can compensate for many of the disadvantages that traditional exhibitions had, and at the same time offer all the advantages related to the Internet: they can be viewed and visited anywhere in the world and at any time, they have significantly lower costs with regard to the problems of transferring, and securing for transfer, the authentic works to be exhibited, and they tend to be and potentially permanent exhibitions. Examples of virtual exhibitions include the bavarikon portal, which has been developed and operated by the State Library of Bavaria for almost 10 years with increasing success. In this case we are faced with a return to the common origins of libraries and museums and at the same time with the emergence of a new form of cultural transmission, based on images, figures, iconic representations, i.e. what has been called the iconic turn for some years now.</p> Klaus Kempf Copyright (c) 2022 Klaus Kempf 2023-01-24 2023-01-24 12 1 256 308 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/16272 Martino’s Fragments: a personal library and its emblematic story <p>The personal library of Martino Mario Moreno, a diplomat who worked in the Italian colonies and became a scholar of Semitic and Cushitic linguistics, as well as of Islam and Arabic literature, has undergone a troubled history, marked by the fate of the institutions that have received it each time. The article presents this story, and attempts at putting back together the volumes which formed Moreno’s personal librray, and partially reconstruct his personal relationships on the basis of ownership marks, dedications and other information recovered from his volumes.</p> Oscar Nalesini Copyright (c) 2022 Oscar Nalesini 2023-01-24 2023-01-24 12 1 194 255 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/16271 For science and pleasure: archival sources for the study of thermal libraries <p>In Italy, spas boast a centuries-old tradition, yet it is only in relatively recent times that they have been organised and structured as true spa enterprises. Enterprises with production axes differentiated over time, which flank the well-being of the body with recreational activities for the spirit and which are building an accurate infrastructural network. Witnesses to this union, which has changed over time, are the papers produced by the public or private spa organisations themselves. These are complex archives, still to be studied and explored in depth, but which present peculiar characteristics and broad polysemies. They are treasure troves of memories that contain papers intrinsically connected to book and museum collections: in some cases, true hydrological libraries are born and preserved within the establishment. The documentary sedimentation of Montecatini Terme will offer, in this sense, an interesting and unique case study to observe the peculiarities of these collections from the inside. The contribution briefly traces an institutional historical analysis of thermalism and, starting from the reference context, aims to thoroughly investigate the connections existing between these archives and libraries.</p> Elena Gonnelli Copyright (c) 2022 Elena Gonnelli 2023-01-24 2023-01-24 12 1 161 193 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/16241 From «misero avanzo di sorci» to «tesoro»: The Arezzo Cathedral Chapter Archives between the 18th and 20th centuries <p>Between Eighteenth and Twentieth century the archive of Arezzo Cathedral’s Chapter is object of many operations of documents’ tidying up by the canons themselves. At the beginning they provide the archival material with inventories in order to easily find all that documents able to uphold the Chapter’s rights in case of juridical controversies, then they recognize the cultural value of their documentation and so they start to promote historical studies based on it. Afterwards the canons obtain many other funds, especially as consequence of French suppressions or by private initiative, and then they establish specifical rules for documents’ safeguard and fruition, always according to The Holy See’s legislation. The essay shows the phases and the protagonists of all those processes of production and conservation of the archival material related to Arezzo’s Cathedral Chapter’s between Eighteenth and Twentieth century, but it also contains references to the period between the origins of the Chapter in the Ninth century to the first Eighteenth century and to the current situation.</p> Riccardo Neri Copyright (c) 2022 Riccardo Neri 2023-01-24 2023-01-24 12 1 122 160 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/16240 Universalis or Selecta? The classification of books on architecture at the time of printing: contribution to an analysis <p>The aim of this paper is about the books on architecture recorded in the two main Renaissance repertories Bibliotheca universalis and Bibliotheca selecta, to bring out the role of architectural treatises in the Renaissance bibliographic vision between the cosmology of knowledge, the topographical characteristics of knowledge and the tradition of knowledge. The analysis is considered between the architectural context and the bibliographic context where different visions of the architectural discipline build up a piece of the history of culture such as Historia literaria.</p> Alfredo Giovanni Broletti Copyright (c) 2022 Alfredo Giovanni Broletti 2023-01-24 2023-01-24 12 1 83 121 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/16237 Dated and datable codices from the 15th-16th centuries in two “minor” Milanese collections: heterogeneous materials preserved at the Fondazione Trivulzio and the Veneranda Fabbrica del Duomo di Milano <p>The article shows an overall overview and relative cataloguing records of the 16 codices dated and datable to the 15th-16th centuries mainly kept in the Archivio della Fondazione Trivulzio (serie Codici Sciolti) of the private library of the Trivulzio family, and in the Biblioteca e Archivio della Veneranda Fabbrica del Duomo di Milano (Fondo Manoscritti). Paragraphs 2-4 present a summary of the codicological and cultural-historical data obtained from the analysis of the catalogued manuscripts, also clarifying the criteria for selecting the manuscript material. After a brief historical contextualisation of both library collections, catalogue records of the 16 selected manuscripts are finally presented.</p> Elisa Bianchi Copyright (c) 2022 Elisa Bianchi 2023-01-24 2023-01-24 12 1 24 82 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/16233 The inquisitor and his readers: the case of the <em>Malleus maleficarum</em> <p>Starting from the case of the best-known manual of demonology published in the modern age, the Malleus maleficarum by Heinrich Krmer and Joakob Sprenger published for the first time in Strasbourg between 1486 and 1487, the paper studies the presence of the main treatises and works on demonology in the libraries of Italian religious orders between the end of the sixteenth century and the beginning of the following century. The RICI (Research on the Inquiry of the Congregation of the Index) database is examined as a privileged source, which contains the lists of books sent to the Congregation of the Index on the occasion of the inquiry promoted by the Holy See.</p> Paola Zito Copyright (c) 2022 Paola Zito 2023-01-24 2023-01-24 12 1 7 23 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/16227 Artificial intelligence vs. intellect (i.e. cybernetics vs. computer science) Alfredo Serrai Copyright (c) 2022 Alfredo Serrai 2023-01-24 2023-01-24 12 1 1 6 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/16225 Salvatore Renna - Federico Valacchi, <em>Le avventure di Archinia</em>, Milano, Editrice Bibliografica, 2021 Eleonora Todde Copyright (c) 2022 Eleonora Todde 2022-07-19 2022-07-19 12 1 525 527 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/15215 <em>Oltre le mostre</em>, a cura di Mauro Brunello, Valentina De Martino e Maria Speranza Storace, Venezia, Edizioni Ca’ Foscari, 2020 Rosaria Campioni Copyright (c) 2022 Rosaria Campioni 2022-07-19 2022-07-19 12 1 521 524 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/15214 Attilio Mauro Caproni, <em>Il coraggio di sapere: la bibliografia e il suo infinito intrattenimento</em>, a cura di Filippo Puddu, prefazione di Piero Innocenti, Manziana, Vecchiarelli, 2021 Chiara De Vecchis Copyright (c) 2022 Chiara De Vecchis 2022-07-19 2022-07-19 12 1 515 520 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/15212 <em>La trasmissione della conoscenza registrata: scritti in onore di Mauro Guerrini offerti dagli allievi</em>, a cura di Carlo Bianchini e Lucia Sardo, Milano, Editrice Bibliografica, 2021 Paolo Tinti Copyright (c) 2022 Paolo Tinti 2022-07-19 2022-07-19 12 1 509 514 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/15211 Annalisa Capristo - Giorgio Fabre, <em>Il registro: la cacciata degli ebrei dallo Stato italiano nei protocolli della Corte dei Conti 1938-1943</em>, prefazione di Michele Sarfatti, con un saggio di Adriano Prosperi, Bologna, Il Mulino, 2018 Francesca Nepori Copyright (c) 2022 Francesca Nepori 2022-07-19 2022-07-19 12 1 504 508 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/15209 Irene Piazzoni, <em>Il Novecento dei libri: una storia dell’editoria in Italia</em>, Roma, Carocci, 2021 Roberta Cesana Copyright (c) 2022 Roberta Cesana 2022-07-19 2022-07-19 12 1 499 503 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/15208 Lucio Coco, <em>La Biblioteca di Dostoevskij: la storia e il catalogo</em>, Firenze, Olschki, 2021 Roberta Cesana Copyright (c) 2022 Roberta Cesana 2022-07-19 2022-07-19 12 1 494 498 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/15207 <em>I periodici settecenteschi come luogo di comunicazione dei saperi: prospettive storiche, letterarie e linguistiche</em>, edited by Fabio Forner, Franz Meier e Sabine Schwarze, Berlin, Peter Lang, 2022 Andrea Moroni Copyright (c) 2022 Andrea Moroni 2022-07-19 2022-07-19 12 1 490 493 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/15206 Andreea Mȃrza, <em>Portretul unui iluminist ardelean Bibliotecarul Imre Dániel (1754-1804)</em>, Cluj-Napoca, Editura Mega, 2020 Alfredo Serrai Copyright (c) 2022 Alfredo Serrai 2022-07-19 2022-07-19 12 1 488 489 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/15205 <em>Lire en Europe: textes, formes, lectures (XVIIIe-XXIe siècle)</em>, sous la direction de Lodovica Braida et Brigitte Ouvry-Vial, avec la collaboration d’Elisa Marazzi et Jean-Yves Samacher, Rennese, Presses Universitaires de Rennes, 2020 Christian Del Vento Copyright (c) 2022 Christian Del Vento 2022-07-19 2022-07-19 12 1 482 487 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/15204 <em>La biblioteca: crocevia e connessione di mondi</em>, a cura di Camilla Del Grazia e Linda Fiasconi. Pisa, ETS, 2021 Enrico Pio Ardolino Copyright (c) 2022 Enrico Pio Ardolino 2022-07-19 2022-07-19 12 1 471 475 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/15203 Marina Roggero, <em>Le vie dei libri: letture, lingua e pubblico nell’Italia moderna</em>, Bologna, Il Mulino, 2021 Daria Parenti Copyright (c) 2022 Daria Parenti 2022-07-19 2022-07-19 12 1 476 481 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/15202 <em>De bibliotheca: di libri, di uomini, di idee</em>, a cura di Gianluca Montinaro, Firenze, Olschki, 2020 Enrico Pio Ardolino Copyright (c) 2022 Enrico Pio Ardolino 2022-07-19 2022-07-19 12 1 465 469 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/15201 <em>Glagolitsa: studi slavistici di Storia del libro in Italia</em>, a cura di Alessandro Scarsella, Milano, Biblion, 2021 Alfredo Serrai Copyright (c) 2022 Alfredo Serrai 2022-07-19 2022-07-19 12 1 470 470 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/15200 <em>Dizionario dei tipografi e degli editori italiani: il Cinquecento</em>, diretto da Marco Menato, Ennio Sandal, Giuseppina Zappella, Volume II, a cura di Marco Menato, Trieste, Libreria Antiquaria Drogheria 28, 2020 Francesca Nepori Copyright (c) 2022 Francesca Nepori 2022-07-19 2022-07-19 12 1 463 464 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/15199 <em>Incunaboli a Cagliari</em>, Bianca Fadda [et al.], Roma, Viella, 2021 (Francesca Nepori) Francesca Nepori Copyright (c) 2022 Francesca Nepori 2022-07-19 2022-07-19 12 1 459 462 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/15198 <em>Incunaboli a Ragusa, Lucia Catalano [et al.], con la collaborazione di Giuseppe Barone [et al.]</em>, Roma, Viella, 2019 Lorenzo Mancini Copyright (c) 2022 Lorenzo Mancini 2022-07-19 2022-07-19 12 1 456 458 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/15197 <em>Inter prima artis incunabula: catalogo delle edizioni quattrocentesche della Biblioteca Diocesana di Lugano</em>, a cura di Luca Montagner, Lugano, Biblioteca diocesana, 2021 Piero Scapecchi Copyright (c) 2022 Piero Scapecchi 2022-07-19 2022-07-19 12 1 452 455 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/15196 <em>Crossing borders, crossing cultures: popular print in Europe (1450-1900)</em>, [edited by] Massimo Rospocher, Jeroen Salman, Hannu Salmi, Berlin, De Gruyter, 2019 Erica Bertelegni Copyright (c) 2022 Erica Bertelegni 2022-07-19 2022-07-19 12 1 447 451 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/15195 <em>Printing R-Evolution and Society 1450-1500: fifty years that changed Europe</em>, edited by Cristina Dondi, Venice, Edizioni Ca’ Foscari, 2020 Paolo Sachet Copyright (c) 2022 Paolo Sachet 2022-07-19 2022-07-19 12 1 441 446 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/15193 Federica Formiga, <em>L’invenzione perfetta: storia del libro</em>, Roma-Bari, Laterza, 2021 Elisa Marazzi Copyright (c) 2022 Elisa Marazzi 2022-07-19 2022-07-19 12 1 438 440 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/15192 Maria Gioia Tavoni, <em>Storie di libri e tecnologie: dall’avvento della stampa al digitale</em>, Roma, Carocci, 2021 Giorgio Montecchi Copyright (c) 2022 Giorgio Montecchi 2022-07-19 2022-07-19 12 1 435 437 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/15191 <em>Con Leonardo da Vinci a Bologna: atti del convegno, Bologna, 15 maggio 2018</em>, a cura di Rosaria Campioni, Bologna, Comune di Bologna, 2019 Margherita Melani Copyright (c) 2022 Margherita Melani 2022-07-19 2022-07-19 12 1 431 434 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/15188 <em>Dante e la Divina Commedia in Emilia-Romagna: testimonianze dantesche negli archivi e nelle biblioteche: VII centenario della morte di Dante Alighieri (1321-2021)</em>, a cura di Gabriella Albanese et al., Cinisello Balsamo, Silvana Editoriale, 2021 Chiara Reatti Copyright (c) 2022 Chiara Reatti 2022-07-19 2022-07-19 12 1 424 430 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/15187 Shelf knowledge Antonio Castronuovo Copyright (c) 2022 Antonio Castronuovo 2022-07-19 2022-07-19 12 1 417 423 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/15084 The first Seminar: Modeling knowledge, archival and bibliographic standards compared (University of Florence, 19 May 2022) <p>On Thursday, May 19, 2022 the SAGAS department of the University of Florence hosted the first seminar of the journal on the theme: Modellare la conoscenza, standard archivistici e bibliografici a confronto. Numerous interventions by academics, librarians, computer scientists and archivists. The report of the day.</p> Lorenzo Gobbo Copyright (c) 2022 Lorenzo Gobbo 2022-07-19 2022-07-19 12 1 411 416 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/15083 The IFLA Competency Guidelines for Rare Books and Special Collections Professionals <p>In 2020 the IFLA Rare Book and Special Collections Section (RBSC) published the Competency Guidelines for Rare Books and Special Collections Professionals. The guidelines are divided into five chapters and are intended as a white paper for all librarians dealing special collections. The document focuses on the figure of the librarian, his interactions with the collections owned by the cultural institution in which he works, his relations with the users. A remarkable tool especially from the point of view of professional ethics, the IFLA standard defines ideal situations to which documentation professionals can look for the strengthening of their knowledge.</p> Valentina Sonzini Copyright (c) 2022 Valentina Sonzini 2022-07-19 2022-07-19 12 1 402 410 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/15082 The archive beyond the archive <p>The publication of Federico Valacchi’s book, Gli archivi tra storia, uso e futuro: dentro la società (Milano, Editrice Bibliografica, 2021) it is an opportunity to reflect on the role of archives and archivists.</p> Mario Aldo Toscano Copyright (c) 2022 Mario Aldo Toscano 2022-07-19 2022-07-19 12 1 390 401 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/15081 The analysis of cartographic resources in the FRBR and IFLA LRM conceptual models: a survey of the studies <p>Since the publication of the Functional Requirementes for Bibliographic Records (FRBR) in 1998, the world’s leading experts on cataloguing cartographic resources have questioned the possibilities of applying the conceptual model to cartography. They tried to understand how cartographic resources could be treated in the context of an entity-relationship model, focusing on the possibilities of applying Group 1 entities and FRBR’s relations to cartography. The debate that followed led to the establishment of conflicting positions. Many of the criticisms made to FRBR also apply to IFLA Library Reference Model (IFLA LRM), the new conceptual model, published in 2017. While showing some improvements it seems to fit forcibly into the description of cartographic resources.</p> Laura Manzoni Copyright (c) 2022 Laura Manzoni 2022-07-19 2022-07-19 12 1 361 389 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/15080 Search behavior on University of Bologna discovery tool: a quantitative and qualitative analysis <p>This article has the purpose to identify the most common search techniques of patrons in a discovery tool and if the discovery is able to provide relevant answers to the queries. This study reports on the use of EBSCO Discovery Service of Bologna University, called AlmaStart. The analyzed data refers to 8 months, from January to April 2020 and from January to April 2021. This period allowed to verify if search behavior changed over time and if the closure of the libraries due to coronavirus lockdown affected it. The data, collected by Google Analytics, are analyzed through the use of the software Microsoft Excel and Atlas.ti, a tool for the qualitative analysis and categorization of textual data. The quantitative analysis refers to all collected data, the qualitative analysis refers to 4 specific days and to all search queries that did not conduct to any results in the discovery. The qualitative analysis allowed to verify if patrons mostly conduct searches about a theme, or if they use the discovery to search known-items in order to access or to localize them. Moreover, it was possible to identify some patron’s expectations about search queries that discovery is not able to satisfy and some ideas to improve it. The result reveals that during the library closure the use of the discovery tool increased a lot, but the search behaviour remained basically the same as in the other months. Patrons use the discovery mostly to search known-item in order to reach the full text of the documents. Finally, some elements to improve the discovery tool functionality were identified.</p> Maura Quaquarelli Copyright (c) 2022 Maura Quaquarelli 2022-07-19 2022-07-19 12 1 315 360 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/15079 Authority file of personal names in SBN and Alphabetica: problems and perspectives <p>The article presents the results of the qualitative and quantitative analysis of SBN authority records for personal names, by the comparison of two datasets, the former based on data sent to VIAF in 2021 (PRE) and the latter on data taken from the SBN OPAC shortly after the publication of Alphabetica, the new ICCU portal (POST). The aim of the study was to establish whether the quality of the authority records actually corresponds to the requirements specified by SBN for the entries of level 90 and above. In addition, the study aimed to verify whether the system of production and publication of authority records, based on the authority levels of entries and of cataloguers, is still current or not, also with respect to the novelties introduced by Alphabetica. The analysis shows that a re-levant percentage of authority records (both in PRE and in POST) do not meet the requirements, that the choice of publication of records according to the levels of authority does not match to the standards and to the choices of other national bibliographic agencies, and that the innovations introduced in Alphabetica sug-gest a change of perspective in the organisation of SBN authority work.</p> Carlo Bianchini Stefano Bargioni Camillo Carlo Pellizzari di San Girolamo Copyright (c) 2022 Carlo Bianchini, Stefano Bargioni, Camillo Carlo Pellizzari di San Girolamo 2022-07-19 2022-07-19 12 1 247 314 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/15078 Citing the internet with DOIs and shortened URLs? Better not <p>In bibliographic citations of online documents, URLs are increasingly replaced with shorter ones provided by services such as TinyURL and Bitly or with DOI codes. These alternative identifiers, although undoubtedly useful for other purposes and in other contexts, should however be used with great caution and parsimony in bibliographic references for numerous reasons, including: 1) the invisibility of the original URL, useful to the readers for the evaluation, for the orientation and for possible searches in the Internet archive; 2) the uncertainty about the actual longevity of alternative identifiers; 3) the slight increase in the time required to reach the document you want to consult and the greater probability that at least one of the sites involved is temporarily out of use or slowed down; 4) the greater immediacy of use, universality and granularity of the URL compared to the DOI; 5) the existence of misleading ‘paper DOIs’ which refer to documents not yet available online; 6) the possibility that DOIs are automatically converted into the URLs of unofficial versions of the corresponding documents; 7) the advertising that is actually given to private companies providing shortened URLs, subtracting it from more relevant and reliable sites and publications, as well as the risk of exposing readers to further advertisements managed by these companies; 8) the risk of shortened URLs being inhibited by postal systems and firewalls that suspect them of hiding sites considered dangerous. The article also provides some tips on how to cite preprints and how to ‘limit damage’ in the event that excessively long and complicated URLs are still replaced by shortened URLs.</p> Riccardo Ridi Copyright (c) 2022 Riccardo Ridi 2022-07-22 2022-07-22 12 1 222 246 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/15077 The Laire <em> affair</em> and the Roman editions of the fifteenth century in the works exchanged between Tommaso Verani and Giovanni Battista Audiffredi <p>The paper traces the events that led to the publication of the Catalogus historico-criticus Romanarum editionum saeculi XV – which the Dominican Giovanni Battista Audiffredi published in the context of the dispute with the French Francois-Xavier Laire and his essay on Roman typography – through the correspondence between the librarian of the Casanatense Library and the Augustinian Tommaso Verani. At the same time, the paper offers a picture of the erudite studies conducted by Verani and of the reorganizations he carried out in the archives and libraries of the Observant Congregation of Lombardy, activities that allowed him to come into contact with some of the greatest intellectuals of the Italian 18th century.</p> Lucrezia Signorello Copyright (c) 2022 Lucrezia Signorello 2022-07-19 2022-07-19 12 1 182 221 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/15076 <em>Sicilia piangente su le rovine delle sue più belle città</em>: story and data from the printed <em> Reports</em> of the 1693 Val di Noto earthquake <p>The paper aims to analize printed reports describing the earthquake that destroyed many cities in eastern Sicily in January 1693. In particular, this kind of printing production, called stampe d’occasione, chronicle events deemed important to the local community. These printed books also had a divulgative function of the contemporary facts, even dramatic, that involved the territory. The editions currently surveyed are present in very few copies, in most cases preserved in non-Sicilian libraries and bound inside miscellaneous volumes.</p> Francesca Aiello Copyright (c) 2022 Francesca Aiello 2022-07-19 2022-07-19 12 1 156 181 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/15075 Divine markets: producing, selling and reading Dante's <em> Commedia</em> in the early 1470 <p>The article examines the history of the first three printed editions of Dante’s Commedia (1472; Foligno, Mantua, and Iesi/Venice), analyzing their respective vicissitudes from a socio-economic perspective. Specifically, through a joint analysis of the relevant academic literature, the local socio-economic history, and the material provenances recorded within numerous copies, the essay intends to highlight to what degree and form commercial events such as regional fairs influenced the development and distribution of typographic products in Italy in the 1470s.</p> Natale Vacalebre Copyright (c) 2022 Natale Vacalebre 2022-07-19 2022-07-19 12 1 112 155 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/15074 Italian codices in Eötvös Loránd University Library, Budapest <p>Eötvös Loránd University Library, which celebrates its 460th birthday this year, is one of the oldest continually operating public libraries in Hungary. The historical nature of its collection is primarily due to its continuous centuries-long operation, which is extremely rare in East-Central Europe. Furthermore, other significant factors behind the growth of its collection were the abolition of monasteries ordered by Joseph II, and a few truly generous donations. Among the latter the donation of Sultan Abdul Hamid II (1877), which enriched the library’s collection with thirty-five codices, stands out. Most of these medieval manuscripts were taken to Istanbul as spoils of war during the Ottoman occupation of the Hungarian Kingdom in the 16-17th centuries. The majority of the codices “gifted back” by the Sultan in 1877 are of Italian origin, most of them being humanist manuscripts, and a dozen of them were part of the Bibliotheca Corvina, the famous collection of King Matthias I (1458-1490). They include four codices of the former collection of Francesco Sforza, the Duke of Milan (1450-1466). The vast majority of the forty-seven Italian medieval manuscripts of the University Library are in Latin; from among these, the autograph manuscript of Saint Bernardine of Siena is especially significant for Italians. The Dante Codex is the most famous of the four Italian-language codices but the others, a nautical handbook, an anthology of ethics, and a musicological work are also of interest. This study briefly presents each Italian medieval manuscript preserved in the Library of the Eötvös Loránd University, offering help for their further study by referring the readers to the most important secondary literature works discussing them, especially the ones written in languages of international circulation. The links to the digital versions of the discussed manuscripts available in the institutional repository of the library, namely EDIT are given, and, in case of the corvinas, the links to their description and digital copy in the Bibliotheca Corvina Virtualis operated by the Hungarian national library are included as well. Finally, the paper concludes by an excursus detailing what elements of the Italian book culture are includedinto the graduate curriculum of the programs offered by the Institute of Library and Information Science of Eötvös Loránd University. A subsidiary aim of the study is to encourage the intercultural research and professional relationships between Italian and Hungarian scholars of library and information science, which have already been boosted by the meetings between Italian and Hungarian librarians organized at the turn of the millennium.</p> Máté Bibor Katalin Németh Péter Kiszl Copyright (c) 2022 Máté Bibor, Katalin Németh, Péter Kiszl 2022-07-19 2022-07-19 12 1 40 111 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/15072 Alexandria for Alexander: for a dating of the Alexandrian project <p>On the basis of Strabo’s and Athenaeus’ well known passages (Geograph., XIII, 1, 54, 5-9, Deipnosoph. I, 4, 22-33 and V, 53, 1-11) on the Aristoteles’ books, their arrival to Alexandria has to be considered as a turning point in the history of the famous egyptian library. This circumstance, together with Demetrius’ collaboration with the king Soter, makes probable that the library took an important step forward between 287 and 283 b.C. The hypothesis is sustained by the Soter’s will to honour his old friend Alexander and by Demetrius’ documented activity in the library, which must have taken place only under Soter’s reign.</p> Luca Tiberi Copyright (c) 2022 Luca Tiberi 2022-07-19 2022-07-19 12 1 7 39 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/15071 Not information but understanding Alfredo Serrai Copyright (c) 2022 Alfredo Serrai 2022-07-19 2022-07-19 12 1 1 6 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/15070 Editorial. International conference "From the book pandemic to bibliography". Andre Vieira de Freitas Araujo Giulia Crippa Fiammetta Sabba Gustavo Saldanha Copyright (c) 2021 Andre Vieira de Freitas Araujo, Giulia Crippa, Fiammetta Sabba, Gustavo Saldanha 2021-12-21 2021-12-21 12 1 1 14 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/14100 The book in the prison system in the state of Espírito Santo: social device in the pandemic <p>This study the relevance of books in the prisional system of the State of the Espirito Santo and its possibilities of use in the period of the pandemic of the Covid-19 argues, either for the general aspects or the clipping established in the units of closed regime during the year of 2020. The general objective is to recognize books as social devices in this environment. The specific objectives aim at: to approach them as source for transposition of the reality of the jail; to discourse on the potentialities and limits of its uses in periods of sanitaryrestrictions in the Espirito Santo; e to argue on the importance of the book for the convicts during the pandemic. The justification resides in its social coverage for the visibility of the book as social device and right of the convicts in regular periods of restrictions during the pandemic. It`s about a qualitative and exploratory research, with use of the procedures of bibliographical research, documentary of field. In the first stage it was carried through official survey of bibliographical materials (theses, dissertation, scientific articles) and documents (laws, recommendations, techinical guidelines) for the treatment and deepening in the subject and better knowledge of the universe of the research. For the field research, interview directed to the Sub-Manegement of Education in Prisons with the intention to collect data on uses of the libraries and services of book loans during the pandemic. The results indicate that, for the application of legal regulations, relatives to the uses of books in benefit of the convicts, is necessary the understanding of its potentialities as social device in different conjunctures. The conclusions guarantee the agreement of book-device must be pandemic in the prisional system, that is, must be spread in fast and wide scale, allowing the access to different knowledge in custody of institutions that control collection and subjects.</p> Adriana Isidório da Silva Zamite Maira Cristina Grigoleto Copyright (c) 2021 Adriana Isidório da Silva Zamite, Maira Cristina Grigoleto 2021-12-21 2021-12-21 12 1 498 525 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/14075 Bibliography out of the wardrobe: what does Brazilian information science reveals about issues of gender and sexual dissidence? <p>Objective: Elaboration of a bibliographic repertoire on gender issues and sexual dissidences in Brazilian Information Science from 1972 to 2021. <br />Method: The research is qualitative, exploratory and bibliographical in nature, in which we surveyed and organized a bibliographic repertoire of scientific articles, scientific communications, theses, dissertations and books on gender issues and sexual dissidences in the field of Information Science. <br />Result: The results shows the construction of a bibliographic repertoire with a total of 128 bibliographic sources, with 107 representing articles and periodical communications, 18 theses and dissertations and 3 books. <br />Conclusion: We believe that studies like this are important to give visibility to gender issues and sexual dissent, which are so marginalized in our social environment.</p> Bruno Almeida dos Santos Nathália Lima Romeiro Copyright (c) 2021 Bruno Almeida dos Santos, Nathália Lima Romeiro 2021-12-21 2021-12-21 12 1 465 497 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/14074 The Art of Bibliography in Brazil: analysis of production in some scientific journals (2014-2020) <p>“The Art of Bibliography” is an international seminar that, since 2014, takes place every year. The papers presented in this seminar are, from 2015, published in journals with relevance in the area of Information Science. From these papers, the objective of this work is to study the theoretical conceptions and the concrete activities related to the domain of Bibliography in Brazil. The quali-quantitative study analyzes the production on the theme to evidence the evolution of the concept of bibliography present in the scientific productionthat relates Brazil to other countries, highlighting the conceptions and activities developed by researchers. Specifically, the research seeks to identify the elements that draw the domain, through the production on the theme “Bibliography”. In view of the above, this is a study of descriptive nature, since it analyzes the content of the articles, from categories of analysis and information raised in the scientific production considered. From the selected production on the theme, it was possible to verify that the theoretical epistemological, techno-methodological and sociopolitical dimensions are present, built as categories during the content analysis.</p> Giulia Crippa Ieda Pelógia Martins Damian Copyright (c) 2021 Giulia Crippa, Ieda Pelógia Martins Damian 2021-12-21 2021-12-21 12 1 423 464 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/14073 «To bring light to the pious reader»: references to information sources and transmission of knowledge in the artistic recipe book by João Stooter (1729-1732) <p>Born in Antwerp and living in Portugal, the diamond cutter João Stooter acquired some prominence in the 18th century when he produced an armory manual and an artistic recipe book. His works were intended to improve the quality of the products created by the Kingdom’s mechanical officers and artists, making them rival foreign products. Regarding his second work, an artistic how-to-do book entitled «Arte de Brilhantes Vernises», the author<br>found himself moved to write on a wide range of subjects – such as varnishes, paints, and glues – relating to the artisanal transformation of raw materials that the overseas trade dumped on the Portuguese market, such as wood from Brazil and Africa. At the dawn of Portuguese Illustration, Stooter gathered,<br>tested and corrected recipes for varnishes and other artistic compounds obtained from a wide range of information sources, above all in various genres of printed books. With the result of the experiments conducted in his studio, which aimed at testing, correcting and standardizing the preparations and techniques, he composed the first recipe book of its kind to be printed in Portuguese. The work was edited by the Verdussen house, in Antwerp, between<br>1729 and 1732. Several copies of it were later enhanced with handwritten notes by the author. In printed and manuscript texts – which were born from<br>his bibliographic gesture, when selecting, compiling and mediating previous records – the author developed a complex system of internal references to the contents of the book and to works taken as a source, which required the technical gesture of the artisan if added to the indicated reading path, so that a preparation could be carried out satisfactorily. Based on the proposition that the field of bibliography encompasses the history of production and uses of books, this study will demonstrate how the references defined this recipe book model, placing itself at the center of the transmission of artisanal knowledge advocated in the work.</p> René Lommez Gomes Copyright (c) 2021 René Lommez Gomes 2021-12-21 2021-12-21 12 1 362 422 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/14072 Searching for Conrad Gesner in the Brazilian tropics: the documentary presence of Gesner bibliographical works in heritage libraries <p>The paper offers a historical-bibliographical discussion of the copies of Bibliotheca Universalis (1545), Pandectae (1548) and Bibliotheca instituta et collecta (1574), by Conrad Gesner (1516-1565), present in two Brazilian heritage libraries: the Library of Saint Benedict’s Monastery of São Paulo (BMSBSP) and the National Library of Brazil (BN), in Rio de Janeiro. The contextualization and characterization of the copies are based on the following theoretical-methodological course: 1) presentation of the Gesnerian bibliographical studies in Brazil; 2) considerations on the presence of the Gesnerian editions in libraries; 3) historical comments on BMSBSP and BN; 4) historical notes and analysis of the copies of Bibliotheca Universalis (1545), Pandectae (1548) and Bibliotheca instituta et collecta (1574) safeguarded in BMSBSP and BN, highlighting their extrinsic and intrinsic aspects from their analytical bibliographical description. The copies of BMSBSP and BN have values that are expressed in two keys: 1) “universal” historical-cultural value, linked to the role of these works in bibliographical studies and in Gesnerian Studies; 2) “local” historical-cultural value, linked to the institutional context, modality and motivations of acquisition, preservation, mediation, use, control, circulation and appropriation of the copies. In the landscape of the two heritage libraries highlighted here, the Gesnerian universality - although it can be reviewed, relativized, and even tensioned in the context of the tropics - constitutes a geographical and conceptual space that includes not only the Old World, but also the New World. Indeed, the Gesnerian bibliographical works trace an intriguing and passionate historical-bibliographical thread between the 16th century polymath and the Bibliography of the Brazilian tropics.</p> Andre Vieira de Freitas Araujo Diná Marques Pereira Araújo Copyright (c) 2021 Andre Vieira de Freitas Araujo, Diná Marques Pereira Araújo 2021-12-21 2021-12-21 12 1 271 326 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/14071 Other books, other handwritings: indigenous reports <p>It approaches in an unconventional way other books and other spellings present in the indigenous ways of writing, materializing and narrating their stories. The concepts of book and spelling are interpreted broadly. Activating a diversity of indigenous reports and exposing, through different thoughts, other possibilities of imagining them. Accepting the assumption that there are no unwritten cultures and that formulations about ‘illiterate societies’ are colonizing effects of an ethnocentric thought, the crossing proposed by this text is to attend, as far as possible, these other bibliographies crossed out and censored by the traditional book and by the universal spelling of Western peoples as primitive expressions. Decolonizing our bibliographic thinking is the horizon targeted by this research. Listening to the stories of the indigenous people is an endbeggining, devouring the end for the beginning. The end of the book is the cessation of its absolute, finished and universal condition. The end of the unique and western book is the beginning of the scriptural opening and its material plasticities. The strength of the concept of the book expressed in the semiophagy of the bookOunce, proposed from a differOunce (différonce), is a way of dreaming in the Amerindian way a new and, simultaneously, an old beginning: the open possibility of the book once more as a sign of freedom of self-determination from the multiple meanings of different peoples. This text brings a report of the cultivated jungle of Abya Yala – the Living Earth. Perhaps this is an endbeggining to the disconcerting otherness of the bibliographic messages that we insist on forgetting.</p> Vinícios Souza de Menezes Copyright (c) 2021 Vinícios Souza de Menezes 2021-12-21 2021-12-21 12 1 219 254 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/14070 A woman among men: Christine de Pizan's bibliographical gesture in <em>The City of Dames</em> <p>This paper is a theoretical and exploratory research on the concepts of bibliography and bibliographic gesture, in relation to the book The Book of the City of Ladies, by Christine de Pizan (1363-1431 AD). In this work, the Italian author based in France, disputes the widely revered and referencedpatriarchal bibliography, by selecting 150 female personalities who stood out in various fields of knowledge, by means of a logical argument as well as a memorial to female reputation. The discussion hereby presented is supported by the literature review performed by Eduardo Alentejo (2015) - to whom bibliography is understood both as a material and intellectual product, under the notion of repertoire, lists or subject descriptions, always guided by general policies and individual choices of bibliographers, thus related to selection, and clipping – and by the notion of bibliographic gesture, as defined by Giulia Crippa (2015, 2016). Other authors like André Araújo (2015), Viviane Couzinet and Patrick Fraysse (2019) are useful to better understand the concept of bibliography; and, to contextualize Christine de Pizan in her time, Rosalind Brown-Grant (1999), Patrizia Caraffi (2003, 2004), Diana Arauz Mercado (2005), Tracy Adams Rechtschaffen (2010), Ana Rieger Schmidt (2020a, 2020b) and Jacques Le Goff (2006). The Book of the City of Ladies was read in two versions: one translated to English (1999) and other to Portuguese (2012), both developed from the original text in Old French. The results show that, given the different existing notions of bibliography and the historical limitations imposed on women, the efforts undertaken by Pizan in this book, although apparently lacking the theoretical-conceptual delimitation of what is understood as bibliography nowadays, result in a remarkable repertoire of references, that deserve to be observed through the lens of bibliography and Knowledge Organization and considered by the field as a bibliographic gesture.</p> Mell Siciliano Fernanda Valle Amanda Salomão Copyright (c) 2021 Mell Siciliano, Fernanda Valle, Amanda Salomão 2021-12-21 2021-12-21 12 1 164 195 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/14069 A Brazilian bibliographical policy? The historical and political course of the national bibliography in Brazil <p>It aims to understand the initiatives for the construction of Brazilian national bibliographies under the prism of political bias. From the historical context, we will seek to show how much the national bibliography is linked to the rise and strengthening of government and information regimes. It covers four periods of Brazilian history - Proclamation of the Republic (1889), Vargas Era (1930-1945), military dictatorship (1964-1985) and democratic reopening (1985-) - observing how they reverberate in distinct bibliographic policies that fostered accelerated construction or erasure of the Brazilian national bibliography, as well as the institutions involved in its construction. Uses as theoretical framework Fonseca (1972), Maeda (2016) and Juvêncio (2016) seeking to delimit the history and trajectory of the construction of national bibliographies in Brazil, in addition to González de Gómez (2002, 2012, 2015) and Braman (2004) to elucidate what an information regime is. As a method, it uses a bibliographic-documental research, based on primary sources on the subject. It concludes that the efforts undertaken in the construction of bibliographies over the last 100 years in Brazil derive from the action of different informational regimes. Whether with the emergence or decline of institutions, as well as the greater or lesser attention given to the elaboration of the repository of national intellectual production, he realizes that there is a bibliographic political gesture, even if undeclared, that populates the efforts to elaborate a national bibliography.</p> Carlos Henrique Juvêncio Copyright (c) 2021 Carlos Henrique Juvêncio 2021-12-21 2021-12-21 12 1 113 137 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/14068 Bibliographical principles in Brazilian degree courses in Library Sciences: an analysis of the epistemological curricular specificity <p>The field of documentary mediation actions in a bibliographic approach deals with referencing and disseminating knowledge through systems, products and services that promote the qualified use of information by an audience, aiming at its appropriation. The Bibliography course presents concepts and operations that form the fundamental basis of the described field. These fundamental bibliographic aspects – or bibliographic principles – constitute the<br>structuring axis of curricular proposals aimed at professional formation and research. Despite the fact that bibliographic principles constitute the structuring axis of Librarianship courses, we question whether these principles are currently sufficient and properly present in the curricular proposals of these courses in Brazil. Thus, the objective of the research is to characterize the presence of bibliographic principles in Brazilian Librarianship education, through the analysis of undergraduate programs, verifying whether these programs provide epistemological specificity concerning the social function of information appropriation by an audience. Initially, a scheme of bibliographic principles and the processes and products that derive from them is presented, which allows to guide and underpin the study; then, an empirical analysis is carried out with the proposition of categories, selection of undergraduate Librarianship coursesand teaching programs, analysis and discussion. The analysis of curricular proposals indicates that bibliographic principles were not abandoned, but there was a partial erasure, often leading to a loss of focus and specificity. It is necessary to invest in curricular proposals whose epistemological specificity is easily identified and aimed at educating for the social function of the field that deals with documentary mediation actions in a bibliographical approach.<br><br></p> Cristina Dotta Ortega Copyright (c) 2021 Cristina Dotta Ortega 2021-12-21 2021-12-21 12 1 47 93 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/14067 Bibliography and memory: Filippo Gesualdo's Eighteenth Lecture and Conrad Gesner's Pandectae <p>In Filippo Gesualdo’s work on mnemonics titled Plutosofia, which appeared in 1592, there is a chapter dedicated to the Library of Memory. In this chapter Gesualdo gives an explanation about the techniques to build up a mnemonic library. According to Gesualdo’s advice, it is possible to organize the mind just like a library, where every book could find its own proper place. The library structure would be organized by some loci, as a building, a space, a room and so on. The analysis of this kind of ordering system reveals some significant analogies with the bibliographic system used by Conrad Gesner to organize his Pandectae. A comparison between the two works highlights how both of the systems could lead to draw a mental map of the human knowledge and it shed a light on the genesis of the Gesner’s Pandectae.</p> Diego Baldi Copyright (c) 2021 Diego Baldi 2021-12-21 2021-12-21 12 1 327 361 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/14066 From bibliography to book history... and vice versa! (with the case of a fake "fake") <p>We are witnessing a dangerous departure from the history of the book towards sociology, of the bibliography towards the information sciences. Instead, the two disciplines must reclaim their identity. How can they do it? Reconnecting, each in its own way, to the materiality of the book. Intellectual production, in fact, is expressed through the creation of articulated objects (books) which, on paper or through bits (sometimes both together), themselves dictate the conditions for their access.</p> Edoardo Barbieri Copyright (c) 2021 Edoardo Barbieri 2021-12-21 2021-12-21 12 1 255 270 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/14056 The Bibliographical technical school (1886-1889): a 'missed' opportunity <p>The paper aims to analyze the regulations and the program of studies envisaged by the Scuola tecnica bibliografica – a two-year technical course established in 1886 to be given at the central national libraries of Rome and Florence – in order to outline the strategies that the Ministry of Public Education intended to implement in the field for the professional training of librarians. The unpublished correspondence accompanying these official documents between the Minister of Public Education Michele Coppino, Desiderio Chilovi and Domenico Gnoli is examined, in order to shed light on the complex events that led to perennial postponements of the inauguration of the new course up to to arrive at an inevitable and sad ending: its ‘failure’ to start.</p> Rosa Parlavecchia Copyright (c) 2021 Rosa Parlavecchia 2021-12-21 2021-12-21 12 1 196 218 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/14054 Bibliography, female noun: Jules Gay and Desirée Veret <p>In 1861 an important bibliography dedicated to love, women and marriage was published in Paris, under the pseudonym M. le C. d’I***. The author (and publisher) was Jules Gay. He was 54 years old and had had both important political and editorial experiences. In particular, with the agreement with socialism and the ideas of Robert Owen, he propagated the principles of social and sexual equality. The influence exerted on him and his numerous publications on women by his wife Désirée Veret, a proletarian seamstress, feminist militant, but also a woman with passionate loves, was very profound. But we must not think of her as some kind of Gay muse. Rather, she was the intermediary of a special relationship between bibliography and history.</p> Lorenzo Baldacchini Copyright (c) 2021 Lorenzo Baldacchini 2021-12-21 2021-12-21 12 1 152 163 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/14052 Proposal for a new methodological approach to the study of 20th century Bibliography <p>The constant technological revolution that we have been witnessing for decades has affected all forms of communication and, consequently, has also involved the ‘recorded communication’ that pertains to bibliographic thought and action. Since the end of the nineteenth century and especially since the first decades of the twentieth century, this has led to a process of change in the structure of all scientific disciplines, including Bibliography. This process has had two fundamental consequences for bibliography: on the one hand, it has meant that bibliography as a meta-discipline is endowed with new instruments of investigation; on the other, it changed the disciplinary scope of bibliography itself, to the point where it has found itself specialised in a number of other derived disciplines. The need to clarify what happened is particularly felt in Italy, where even in the last century the documentary and bibliographical disciplines had an important development and debate, but it is also widely felt in the rest of the European context and beyond, as demonstrated by recent occasions of international scientific and conference comparison and as highlighted by some of the recent Italian studies of Bibliography and Information Sciences. In this contribution we discuss a methodological hypothesis to investigate the problem. In particular, it is argued that the solution to the problem is to be searched in a new methodological approach that includes both a qualitative survey of the main sources of the discipline in the Italian context – i.e., the traditional survey method of Bibliography – and a quantitative investigation necessarily conducted with the decisive help of the application of Linked Data technology to the most recent production of the discipline. The twofold approach would allow to give a concrete start to this disciplinary arrangement, reconstructing the most recent process of metamorphosis, identifying the junctions and the forms (methodologies, tools, and objectives) both in diachronic and synchronic terms.</p> Carlo Bianchini Fiammetta Sabba Lucia Sardo Copyright (c) 2021 Carlo Bianchini, Fiammetta Sabba, Lucia Sardo 2021-12-21 2021-12-21 12 1 138 151 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/14051 Bibliography and the information society <p>The paper offers reflection on the contribution that bibliography can offer to the information society. In recent decades, the role of information has become decisive not only as regards the cultural but also economic aspects of society. With the spread of the Internet, a general rethinking of information organization became indispensable. In this new scenario, the bibliography can play an important role in the context of recorded communication.</p> Andrea Capaccioni Copyright (c) 2021 Andrea Capaccioni 2021-12-21 2021-12-21 12 1 94 112 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/14050 Models and forms of bibliographical thinking: in search of a point of view to interpret complexity <p>The paradigmatic transformations, rapid and in continuous acceleration, of the organization and communication of knowledge in contemporary reality make it necessary to reflect on the principles on which models and methods of the bibliographic tradition are based. This paper examines these topics: a) the elementary entities that constitute the “objects” of the representation of knowledge, from “books” to “data”; b) the description of some of the essential characteristics of the models of representation of these “objects”; c) the ways in which the perception of representations is carried out and communicated, through the recordings, giving rise to the different interfaces of bibliographic mediation, in the classic frame of the Bibliographic universe; d) the relational and holistic nature that characterizes the empirical phenomena referred to knowledge of objects, bibliographic and extra-bibliographic; e) the model profile of a possible Bibliographic multiverse; e) the general lines of a “point of view” with which to hypothesize the integration, following Michel Foucault, of “words” and “things”.</p> Maurizio Vivarelli Copyright (c) 2021 Maurizio Vivarelli 2021-12-21 2021-12-21 12 1 15 46 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/14047 <em>L’arte della ricerca: fonti, libri, biblioteche: studi offerti ad Alberto Petrucciani per i suoi 65 anni</em>, a cura di Simonetta Buttò, Vittorio Ponzani, Simona Turbanti, con la collaborazione di Enrico Pio Ardolino, Roma, AIB, 2021 Fiammetta Sabba Copyright (c) 2021 Fiammetta Sabba 2021-07-29 2021-07-29 12 1 592 595 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/13382 Rossana Morriello, <em>Le raccolte bibliotecarie digitali nella società dei dati</em>, Milano, Bibliografica, 2020 Lucia Sardo Copyright (c) 2021 Lucia Sardo 2021-07-29 2021-07-29 12 1 589 591 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/13309 <em>Le biblioteche dell’alta formazione musicale: prove di monitoraggio e valutazione</em>, a cura di Giovanni Di Domenico, con Anna Bilotta e Maria Senatore Polisetti, Milano, Ledizioni, 2020 Dinko Fabris Copyright (c) 2021 Dinko Fabris 2021-07-29 2021-07-29 12 1 581 588 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/13308 Chiara Faggiolani, <em>Come un Ministro per la cultura: Giulio Einaudi e le biblioteche nel sistema del libro</em>, Firenze, Firenze university press, 2020 Roberta Cesana Copyright (c) 2021 Roberta Cesana 2021-07-29 2021-07-29 12 1 574 580 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/13307 Antonella Trombone, <em>Teresa Motta: una bibliotecaria e “un anno di vicende memorabili”: con lettere inedite di Francesco Barberi e Manlio Rossi Doria (1943-1949)</em>, presentazione di Alberto Petrucciani, Rionero in Vulture, Caliceditori, 2020 Fiammetta Sabba Copyright (c) 2021 Fiammetta Sabba 2021-07-29 2021-07-29 12 1 572 573 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/13306 Marco Menato - Simone Volpato, <em>Immondi librai antiquari: Saba libraio, lettore e paziente di Umberto Levi</em>, con una nota di Antonio Della Rocca, prefazione di Stefano Carrai, postfazione di Giovanni Biancardi, Biblion, Milano, 2020 Vincenzo Fano Copyright (c) 2021 Vincenzo Fano 2021-07-29 2021-07-29 12 1 568 571 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/13304 Gigi Raimondo - Raffaele Carrieri, <em>Il Sabato dei bibliofili: Milano 1936</em>, a cura di Massimo Gatta, con scritti di Luca Montagner, Massimo Gatta, Antonio Castronuovo, Macerata, Biblohaus, 2020 Francesca Nepori Copyright (c) 2021 Francesca Nepori 2021-07-29 2021-07-29 12 1 564 567 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/13303 Lorenzo Pezzica, <em>L’archivio liberato: guida teorico-pratica ai fondi storici del Novecento</em>, Milano, Bibliografica, 2020 Giorgia Di Marcantonio Copyright (c) 2021 Giorgia Di Marcantonio 2021-07-29 2021-07-29 12 1 561 563 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/13302 Mart, <em>Guida all’Archivio del ‘900</em>, Rovereto, Mart, 2020 Francesca Ghersetti Copyright (c) 2021 Francesca Ghersetti 2021-07-29 2021-07-29 12 1 557 560 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/13300 Annantonia Martorano, <em>Classificare il potere: dal Prospetto delle materie del 1803 alla gestione documentale delle Prefetture</em>, Torre del Lago, Civita editoriale, 2020 Dimitri Brunetti Copyright (c) 2021 Dimitri Brunetti 2021-07-29 2021-07-29 12 1 551 556 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/13298 Chiara Reatti, <em>Tra aula e torchio: libri e scuola a Bologna da Napoleone all’età della Restaurazione</em>, Bologna, CLUEB, 2020 Giorgio Montecchi Copyright (c) 2021 Giorgio Montecchi 2021-07-29 2021-07-29 12 1 548 550 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/13297 Anton Bruck - István Monok - Éva Edina Zvara, <em>Bewahrte Geistigkeit und Kulturerbe von drei Nationen. Die Historische Bibliothek des Franziskanerklosters in Güssing</em>, Budapest-Güssing, Franziskanerkloster Güssing, 2021 Alfredo Serrai Copyright (c) 2021 Alfredo Serrai 2021-07-29 2021-07-29 12 1 547 547 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/13296 István Monok - Edina Zvara, <em>Esterhasiana Biblioteca. A gyűjtemény története és könyvanyagának rekonstrukciója</em>, Budapest, Kossuth Kiadó, 2020 Alfredo Serrai Copyright (c) 2021 Alfredo Serrai 2021-07-29 2021-07-29 12 1 546 546 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/13295 <em>Benedetto Bacchini nell’Europa fra Sei e Settecento: libri, arti e scienze</em>, a cura di Sonia Cavicchioli e Paolo Tinti, Modena, Panini, 2020 Andrea Moroni Copyright (c) 2021 Andrea Moroni 2021-07-29 2021-07-29 12 1 543 545 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/13294 Romilda Saggini - Paolo Ramagli, <em>Libri antichi tra Savona e Albenga: inventari cinquecenteschi e catalogazione dei fondi di due diocesi liguri</em>, Udine, Forum, 2020 Valentina Sonzini Copyright (c) 2021 Valentina Sonzini 2021-07-29 2021-07-29 12 1 540 542 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/13293 <em>La peste e la stampa: Venezia nel XVI e XVII secolo</em>, a cura di Sabrina Minuzzi, Venezia, Marsilio, 2020 Maria Grazia Dalai Copyright (c) 2021 Maria Grazia Dalai 2021-07-29 2021-07-29 12 1 536 539 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/13292 Paolo Sachet, <em>Publishing for the popes: the roman Curia and the use of printing (1527-1555)</em>, Leiden-Boston, 2020 Alfredo Serrai Copyright (c) 2021 Alfredo Serrai 2021-07-29 2021-07-29 12 1 534 535 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/13291 Erasmo da Rotterdam, <em> Prefazioni ai Vangeli, 1516-1522 </em>, a cura di Silvana Seidel Menchi, Torino, Einaudi, 2021 Francesca Nepori Copyright (c) 2021 Francesca Nepori 2021-07-29 2021-07-29 12 1 527 533 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/13289 Enrico Pio Ardolino, <em> Storiografia delle biblioteche: genesi, stabilità e fratture di una tradizione di studi </em>, Pesaro, Metauro, 2020 Diego Baldi Copyright (c) 2021 Diego Baldi 2021-07-29 2021-07-29 12 1 523 526 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/13282 Francesca Longo Auricchio - Giovanni Indelli - Giuliana Leone - Gianluca Del Mastro, <em> La Villa dei Papiri: una residenza antica e la sua biblioteca </em>, Roma, Carocci, 2020 Sara Marmai Copyright (c) 2021 Sara Marmai 2021-07-29 2021-07-29 12 1 518 522 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/13281 Establishing an «Orientalium linguarum Bibliotheca» in 17th-century Vienna: Sebastian Tengnagel and the trajectories of his manuscripts <p>Sebastian Tengnagel was the court librarian of the Imperial Library in Vienna from 1608 until his death in 1636. At the same time, he was an active member of the Republic of Arabic Letters, the circle of European scholars devoted to acquiring and disseminating knowledge of the Orient in early modern Europe. The Austrian National Library holds two groups of texts that can help us understand the complexity of his intellectual endeavours: the corpus of manuscript letters describing his work as an Orientalist and as a librarian, and the collection of Oriental manuscripts built up by Tengnagel. The two sources must be studied together, because each sheds light on the other. Only by interlinking them can we attempt to answer the crucial questions: how and why, in early 17th-century Vienna, did one become an Orientalist? What were the ‘tools of the trade’? This paper is a survey of this material, based upon the interdisciplinary project The Oriental Outpost of the Republic of Letters. Sebastian Tengnagel (d. 1636), the Imperial Library in Vienna, and Knowledge of the Orient carried out at the University of Vienna at the Department of Near East Studies and the Institute for Austrian Historical Research. Through specific case studies it shows how it is possible to reconstruct both the provenance and trajectories of certain books, and the stories of those who carried or studied them.</p> Hülya Çelik Chiara Petrolini Copyright (c) 2021 Hülya Çelik - Chiara Petrolini 2021-07-02 2021-07-02 12 1 175 231 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/13081 My library Luciano Canfora Copyright (c) 2021 Luciano Canfora 2021-07-01 2021-07-01 12 1 513 517 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/13080 Bibliography of the Italian authors <p>The paper proposes, also as support of the National Library Service, the creation of a national repertoire that chronologically indexes the editorial production of the Italian authors, both handwritten and printed. The repertoire, entitled Bibliographic Dictionary of Italian Authors, would offer systematic evidence of the works of each Italian author, with a hypothetical regional structure.</p> Alfredo Serrai Copyright (c) 2021 Alfredo Serrai 2021-07-01 2021-07-01 12 1 510 512 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/13079 A day for open science: ‘Viaggiatori in Toscana: personaggi e testimonianze’ <p>The report reconstructs the lectures held on April 9 2021 during the open science day dedicated to Viaggiatori in Toscana: personaggi e testimonianze, organized by the ‘Festival di Pasqua’ of the Municipality of Montepulciano. The main theme was the ‘journey’ as social, formative and cultural education experience, and in particular the journey in Tuscany, place of choice for many Italian and foreign grandtourists. The speeches show the results of research that has seen the examination of library, archival, artistic and musicological sources and experiences that are so different from each other but which, in a harmonious and interconnected way, give back the image of a social and cultural phenomenon based on the exchange and contamination of ideas. All of this is done through a new form of divulgation, intended for a non-academic public and in line with the principles of the Third Mission of the universities.</p> Elisabetta Angrisano Biancamaria Brumana Silvia Calamandrei Cinzia Cardinali Laura Giambastiani Annantonia Martorano Fiammetta Sabba Copyright (c) 2021 Elisabetta Angrisano - Biancamaria Brumana - Silvia Calamandrei - Cinzia Cardinali - Laura Giambastiani - Annantonia Martorano - Fiammetta Sabba 2021-07-01 2021-07-01 12 1 488 509 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/13078 For a hypothesis of metacatalogation <p>The contribution starts from the Mauro Guerrini book (Dalla catalogazione alla metadatazione) that he has the definition of metacatalogation was<br>suggested, as a term containing a series of descriptive phenomena that should make it possible to identify and represent both archives and libraries. Between “cataloging and metadating” the descriptive elements resist. A bibliographic record of a paper catalog consists of a metadata set, just as the elements represented in an archival search tool can be called metadata. For real innovation, the archival inventory must be transformed into an information system, almost a search engine, characterized by specific strategies and filters. The inventory will be in the archive and no longer of the archive even if the contextual elements as a whole must never fail. Information constitutes the essential heritage of any society: the public, civil and political perception of archives and libraries has the task of putting themselves at the service of enlarged communities and processes on a very large range.</p> Federico Valacchi Copyright (c) 2021 Federico Valacchi 2021-07-13 2021-07-13 12 1 463 487 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/13077 Digital Library, or the evolution of the library: the Veneranda Biblioteca Ambrosiana and its new open access Digital Library dedicated to manuscripts <p>The Digital Library – used here to connote a general category – aims to innovate the range of services offered to the public by ‘analogue libraries’ to a varied group of users. These services cross the multifaceted cases of public reading libraries (and a large and generalist pool of users), of university libraries (and an equally large pool of users made up of students, undergraduates, faculty, and researchers), and also extend to the world of conservation libraries, which attract a specialized niche audience, very often of international origin. The digitization of precious, ancient, books – both manuscript and printed – represents a great and complex challenge from many points of view (conceptual, design, implementation, logistics, economic, personnel management, etc.), but also the most intuitive way we have now to expand the services offered to users in digital form. In the (recent) past, many digital library initiatives have been carried out in this sense by individual library institutions, as well as by individual private programs or government projects, with variable results in terms of objectives actually achieved, sustainable permanence online, and their ability to effectively counteract the so-called ‘digital obsolescence’ by updating the entire technological infrastructure of the project itself, as well as the individual digital contents, to guarantee their survival. Nowadays, web- based technologies have evolved, increased, and standardized to such an extent that a new approach is possible for digital libraries in terms of usability, visualization, and multi-platform replication of digital content.</p> Fabio Cusimano Copyright (c) 2021 Fabio Cusimano 2021-07-01 2021-07-01 12 1 420 462 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/13076 The cultural property as the soul of the world <p>Examination and discussion of the specific nature of the Cultural property, in relation to their misterious origin and their current mental function, both in connection with the development of a specific stage of civilization and the needs of the modern man.</p> Alfredo Serrai Copyright (c) 2021 Alfredo Serrai 2021-07-01 2021-07-01 12 1 401 419 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/13075 The problem of digital legacy in the transmission of personal archives and libraries <p>The digital revolution that for at least a couple of decades has radically transformed every sector of society has not neglected to make profound changes also in the personal life of each one – which is becoming more and more ‘digital’ – and in the production and use of documents. Through personal computers, tablets and smartphones, we draw up documents, take notes and personal notes, write literary texts, develop studies and projects, take photographs, read books, interact on social networks, etc. In this way, many documents are created in digital format and many magazines and books are purchased and read in digital format as well. As a consequence, the digital part in personal archives is increasing more and more (and these are turning into “digital personal archives”); in the same way, personal libraries increasingly consist of digital books and magazines and therefore they are becoming ‘personal digital libraries’ too. In many cases digital material is stored on virtual spaces made available by cloud service providers and become accessible only to those who know (or have) the necessary credentials. But faced with this transformation, many people begin to ask themselves: what will happen to these personal digital fonds after the death of the producers or owners? Will the heirs be able to accommodate this legacy? To answer these questions, we need to face the problem of the transmission of the digital legacy, fully understanding the implications that derive from having entrusted personal fonds to systems often protected by inscrutable access mechanisms and trying to identify the solutions that could allow them to secure their future, avoiding falling into that ‘digital dark age’ that more than someone has already begun to foreshadow.</p> Stefano Allegrezza Copyright (c) 2021 Stefano Allegrezza 2021-07-01 2021-07-01 12 1 352 400 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/13074 Orsa Maggiore, editor of Radclyffe Hall <p>In 1946, the Edizioni dell’Orsa maggiore started to publish all the Radlyffe Hall’s books. The Author has been censored in England and her first literary work, The Well of Loneliness, became an incredible success (the first edition in England has been published in 1928 and in Italy in 1930 by the publisher Modernissima). In Italy, Hall is known thanks to two traslators (both are linked to Gian Dàuli and the publisher Corbaccio): Annie Lami and, above all, Mimi Oliva Lentati (the leader of Editrice dell’Orsa maggiore). The present article is about the little publisher Orsa and its brief, but very important for italian lesbian movement, history.</p> Valentina Sonzini Copyright (c) 2021 Valentina Sonzini 2021-07-01 2021-07-01 12 1 328 351 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/13073 The philosophy of history in Giorgio Emanuele Ferrari: a philosopher in the Marciana Library <p>Giorgio Emanuele Ferrari understood the library work in light of one of its fundamental assets: being a witness of the Zeitgeist. A privileged position in the management of documents, the librarian can profile tools and content of human self-understanding, both in its essence and its evolution. In the essay, we analyze G.E. Ferrari’s texts and unearth the philosophical drive of his vocation.</p> Paolo Livieri Copyright (c) 2021 Paolo Livieri 2021-07-01 2021-07-01 12 1 313 327 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/13072 Francesco Lumachi: contribution to the biography of a Florentine publisher of the Early Twentieth century <p>Francesco Lumachi, the small Florentine bookseller who made his debut on the Italian publishing scene in 1900, despite belonging to an entrepreneurial reality, that of booksellers-publishers, anchored more to the past than to the future, is considered to have inaugurated, together with the new century, the modern book. With intuition and audacity, he was the first to contribute to the notoriety of authors destined to impose themselves on the cultural<br>scene for their innovative qualities, and with refined aesthetic taste he published volumes of typographical elegance and sometimes also of unconventional form. As a true “friend of books”, as he liked to define himself, he was also the storyteller of amusing bibliographical stories. A multifaceted figure who always remained shrouded in mystery, due to his shy and modest nature, his brief professional career with dramatic results, and the probable loss of<br>his personal and work papers. In an attempt to fill the biographical gap, this contribution presents the results of archival research that, for the first time,<br>digs into Francesco Lumachi’s family roots and his schooling, a background from which unpublished elements emerge and, at the same time, a range of questions susceptible to further investigation, together with personality traits that find points of contact in editorial and existential choices, such as inconsistencies and fascinations that can be justified by the historical context of reference. The work also avails itself of an iconographic collection, also partly unpublished, as evidence and proof of the topics dealt with.</p> Giovanna Grifoni Copyright (c) 2021 Giovanna Grifoni 2021-07-01 2021-07-01 12 1 273 312 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/13071 «What began as a hobby became a consuming quest»: American bibliophile William Lawrence Clements and his collection of incunabula <p>This paper aims to describe the activity of the bibliophile William Lawrence Clements, an American industrial businessman and one of the greatest<br>collectors of the 20th century. During the golden age of American book collecting, William Clements managed to set up an outstanding book collection<br>specialized in Americana, never seen before in the Midwest of the United States. Through the study of the William L. Clements Library’s incunabula collection, it is possible to reconstruct the history of the individual copies and the cultural environment in which William Clements worked. Sold through auctions and individual merchants, these incunabula belonged to prestigious collections and still retain fundamental provenances that allow the reconstruction of their journey. The study of the itinerary of the incunabula throughout the centuries, from Europe to America, is reconstructed by analyzing elements such as ex libris, inscriptions, bindings, stamps, reading marks, and manuscript notes.</p> Debora M. Di Pietro Copyright (c) 2021 Debora M. Di Pietro 2021-07-01 2021-07-01 12 1 232 272 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/13070 «Piccola, ma sufficiente per li miei studi»: the library of Cardinal Roberto Bellarmino. First investigations and census of annotated books <p>The article presents the first results of a research about the library of the Jesuit Cardinal Roberto Bellarmino (1542-1621). The starting point are some unpublished works dedicated to this topic compiled by two Jesuit scholars in the first half of ‘ 900: François Xavier Le Bachelet and Sebastian Tromp. In particular, Tromp’s work had concerned the identification of the editions cited in the library inventory, without however proceeding with the identification of the items actually belonging to the cardinal, today mainly preserved at the National Central Library of Rome and the Historical Archive of the Pontifical Gregorian University. In addition to providing a first analysis of the composition of the Bellarminian collection, the article examines the events related to<br>its conservation at the Roman College, to which Bellarmino donated it after his death and where on several occasions it was subject to spoliations – even if today it is difficult to evaluate their extent. These episodes testify to the problematic intellectual legacy left by Bellarmino and how it influenced not only<br>his long process of canonization (which lasted three centuries) but also the conservation of his books. In the appendix, the inventory of the library is published for the first time, as well as a catalog of 122 books with the provenance note of the Bellarmine’s private collection and, in several cases, containing his autograph annotations.</p> Lorenzo Mancini Copyright (c) 2021 Lorenzo Mancini 2021-10-19 2021-10-19 12 1 70 174 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/13068 A new attribution to the Maestro dei Putti: an illuminated book of the <em> Attic Nights </em> by Aulo Gellio (Venice, Nicolas Jenson, 1472) <p>The paper presents the discoveries about a Venetian incunable studied during the cataloguing activities of incunables at the Regional Library in Catania (2018-2021). The aim of the paper is to inform the academic community about the crediting of the illuminations to the Maestro dei Putti; this results from a collaboration with Lilian Armstrong, professor of Art at Wellesley College, MA and specialist on Venetian Renaissance Book Illumination. This identification enriches the census of incunables with another copy, illuminated by the artist who was active between Venice and Padua in the 70s of XV century.</p> Simona Inserra Copyright (c) 2021 Simona Inserra 2021-07-01 2021-07-01 12 1 46 69 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/13067 A rare illuminated normative codex from the Florentine Renaissance: the 1472 Statute of the Confraternity of Santa Maria Assunta in San Pier Gattolino <p>The paper analyses the content of the so far unknown Florentine confraternal statute of the lay company of Santa Maria Assunta in San Pier Gattolino. It traces the history of this church and the brotherhood that produced the statute book in the 15th century, and explains the relationship between text and illuminated images. The report highlights that both the rules and the pictures formed part of an integrated message contributing to the practical application of the laws and increasing the symbolic value of them.</p> Francesco Salvestrini Copyright (c) 2021 Francesco Salvestrini 2021-07-01 2021-07-01 12 1 11 45 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/13066 Culture vs. operative intelligence Alfredo Serrai Copyright (c) 2021 Alfredo Serrai 2021-07-01 2021-07-01 12 1 1 10 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/13064 Roberto Raieli, <em>Web-scale discovery services: principi, applicazioni e ipotesi di sviluppo</em>, Roma, Associazione Italiana Biblioteche, 2020 Alfredo Serrai Copyright (c) 2020 Alfredo Serrai 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 12 1 545 546 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/12032 Roberto Calasso, <em>Come ordinare una biblioteca</em>, Milano, Adelphi, 2020 Alfredo Serrai Copyright (c) 2020 Alfredo Serrai 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 12 1 543 544 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/12031 André Schiffrin, <em>Editoria senza editori</em>, prefazione di Alfredo Salsano, con uno scritto di Andrea Cortellessa, Macerata, Quodlibet, 2019 Antonio Castronuovo Copyright (c) 2020 Antonio Castronuovo 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 12 1 538 542 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/12030 Mauro Chiabrando, <em>Il particolare superfluo. Atlante delle minuzie editoriali</em>, Milano, Luni; [Riva del Garda], Associazione librai antiquari, Italia, 2019 Roberta Cesana Copyright (c) 2020 Roberta Cesana 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 12 1 532 537 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/12029 <em>Il privilegio della parola scritta: gestione, conservazione e valorizzazione di carte e libri di persona</em>, a cura di Giovanni Di Domenico e Fiammetta Sabba, Roma, Associazione Italiana Biblioteche, 2020 Roberta Cesana Copyright (c) 2020 Roberta Cesana 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 12 1 524 531 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/12028 <em>Storie d’autore, storie di persone: fondi speciali tra conservazione e valorizzazione</em>, a cura di Francesca Ghersetti, Annantonia Martorano, Elisabetta Zonca, Roma, Associazione Italiana Biblioteche, 2020 Attilio Mauro Caproni Copyright (c) 2020 Attilio Mauro Caproni 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 12 1 521 523 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/12027 <em>Viaggi di Toscana, Lezioni magistrali (9 novembre - 12 dicembre 2017)</em>, a cura di Maria Fancelli, Firenze, Polistampa, 2019 Fiammetta Sabba Copyright (c) 2020 Fiammetta Sabba 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 12 1 518 520 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/12026 <em>Biblioteche e saperi: circolazione di libri e di idee tra età moderna e contemporanea</em>, a cura di Giovanna Granata, Roma, Edizioni di storia e letteratura, 2019 Lorenzo Mancini Copyright (c) 2020 Lorenzo Mancini 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 12 1 511 517 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/12025 Valentina Sonzini, <em>Cominus et eminus: la tipografia alla campana: annali di Vittorio Baldini e delle eredi (Ferrara, 1575-1621)</em>, introduzione di Angela Nuovo, Milano, Biblion, 2019 Simona Inserra Copyright (c) 2020 Simona Inserra 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 12 1 507 510 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/12024 Michele Camaioni, <em>Il Vangelo e l’Anticristo: Bernardino Ochino tra francescanesimo ed eresia (1487-1547)</em>, Bologna, Il Mulino, 2018 Francesca Nepori Copyright (c) 2020 Francesca Nepori 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 12 1 503 506 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/12023 <em>Bibliotheken und die Ökonomie des Wissens 1450-1850: Internationale Tagung, April 2019, Sárospatak (Ungarn)</em>, édité par Frédéric Barbier, István Monok et Andrea Seidler, Budapest, Magyar Tudományos Akadémia Könyvtár és Információs Központ, 2020 Alfredo Serrai Copyright (c) 2020 Alfredo Serrai 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 12 1 500 502 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/12022 Lorenzo Baldacchini, <em>Il libro antico: storia, diffusione e descrizione</em>, terza edizione, Roma, Carocci, 2019 Veronica Archelite Copyright (c) 2020 Veronica Archelite 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 12 1 495 499 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/12021 Daniele Danesi - Ilenia Maschietto, <em>Catalogo del Fondo Cesare Grassetti della Fondazione Giorgio Cini</em>, Firenze, Olschki, 2020 Federica Fabbri Copyright (c) 2020 Federica Fabbri 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 12 1 491 494 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/12020 <em>Gli incunaboli della Biblioteca Oratoriana dei Girolamini: un primo catalogo</em>, a cura di Giancarlo Petrella, premessa di Andrea Mazzucchi, presentazione di Vito De Nicola, Roma, Salerno Editrice, 2019 Silvia Tripodi Copyright (c) 2020 Silvia Tripodi 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 12 1 486 490 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/12016 Paola Errani - Marco Palma, <em>Incunaboli a Cesena</em>, Roma, Viella, 2020 Simona Inserra Copyright (c) 2020 Simona Inserra 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 12 1 482 485 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/12015 Martin Davies - Neil Harris, <em>Aldo Manuzio: l’uomo, l’editore, il mito</em>, Roma, Carocci, 2019 Antonio Castronuovo Copyright (c) 2020 Antonio Castronuovo 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 12 1 476 481 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/12014 My library <p>Giampiero Mughini, journalist and well-known as book collector, writes about the formation of his personal library, also narrating the encounter with important personalities afflicted by a same furor bibliographicus.</p> Giampiero Mughini Copyright (c) 2020 Giampiero Mughini 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 12 1 470 475 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/12008 Giuseppe Malatesta Garuffi <p>Contrary to the current historiography on the modern European Academies, there is a manuscript N.500 in the Gambalunghian Library in Rimini, that contains the proceedings of an Academy founded in that city in the XIV century, that becomes the first European Academy in the modern times.</p> Alfredo Serrai Copyright (c) 2020 Alfredo Serrai 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 12 1 458 469 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/12007 «I’ll give a look on the shelves»: case study on reader-opac interactions at the Biblioteca Civica “Vincenzo Joppi”, Udine, Italy <p><em>Introduction</em>. Users’ behaviour studies relevance shows a constantly increasing trend. Users’ behaviour is the research focus both in libraries and information sciences and in cataloguing. User studies in LIS were developed along four trends: user studies, information behaviour, information practice and information experience (Gonzales-Teruel 2018). With FRBR Report in 1998 and its four user tasks definition, a major shift toward users’ centrality came in cataloguing too. Relevance of user tasks is also underlined by the Statement of International Cataloguing Principles (ICP). It confirms FRBR four functions and adds a new one: to navigate. The focus of this research is the effective interaction of users with the OPAC at the Biblioteca Civica "Vincenzo Joppi”, Udine, Italy, with the aim of assessing both efficacy and efficiency of interactions, from the point of view both of the user and of the OPAC.</p> <p><em>Method</em>: This paper draws on an original research, as data about a simple random sample of 36 readers were collected by means both of a survey by a questionnaire before and after the interactions and by OPAC transactions screen recordings. Data were collected in Udine public library, Biblioteca “Vincenzo Joppi”, Udine, Italy, between August and October 2017. Quantitative and qualitative data analyses were conducted on collected data about 130 searches (a process that ends with a positive or negative result) and 200 interactions (each of the search attempts).</p> <p><em>Results and Discussion</em>: The contrast between use frequency and reader’s proficiency level shows that the more frequent the use, the higher the confidence level felt by reader. On the contrast, confidence level is not related to educational background. Nearly half of the interviewed (49%) search in the catalogue to fulfil personal information needs; any other information needs (teacher suggestions, friends’ advices, internet etc.) are less important. In nearly half of the interactions, the search field used is title; instead, percentage of searches by subject, by author’s surname or by author’s name and surname are all just slightly over 10%. Furthermore, data about search field support data about the two broad types of questions: 60% are known item searches, and just 40% are exploratory searches. The most preferred search approach is Google-like search (36%); advanced search (30%) is relevant, while basic search (12%) is less important. However, the most successful results are obtained by advanced search (67%), followed by basic search (56%) and google-like search (53%). An interesting difference emerges from the contrast between data collected from questionnaires and from direct observations of readers’ interactions with the OPAC: readers express approval or disapproval based on the final results of their overall research and not on single interactions, and take for granted that to achieve results one or more attempts could be needed. Final success depends mostly upon the kind of users’ starting question: known item searches are more successful than exploratory searches (60% versus 43%). Data As a result, data confirm that to perform exploratory searches readers need to be supported by a higher level of reference service. Data show that reasons for failure in searches rely on readers’ behaviour (56%) more than on library services (24%). For this reason, readers’ interactions with the OPAC could be improved by promoting information literacy for the readers.</p> Carlo Bianchini Copyright (c) 2020 Carlo Bianchini 2021-01-18 2021-01-18 12 1 420 457 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/12004 About the <em>«Bibliotecarj»</em> of Giornale de’ letterati d’Italia <p>Created as a tool for the revitalization and renewal of Italian culture in the eighteenth century, the Giornale de’ letterati d’Italia represents one of the most mature and significant experiences of erudite Italian journalism. The magazine, in volume XXV, presents an accurate system of indexes, among which stands out the systematic one, articulated in 16 classes. The essay, after<br>an introduction concerning the most relevant structural, content and bibliographical characters of the Journal, proposes an analysis of the contributions classified under Bibliotecarj, with regard to tomes I-XXIV. The aim is twofold: on the one hand, to illustrate the nature and typology of the contents highlighted; on the other, to reconstruct the bibliographical-library orientations and trends associated with the journal and the cultural elites it represents. In conclusion, we will provide three indexes: the first one, articulated in 8 sections corresponding to the different configurations with which the literary evidence found during the research has been categorized; the second will concern the published and unpublished works found; to conclude the index of names.</p> Andrea Moroni Copyright (c) 2020 Andrea Moroni 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 12 1 343 419 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/11995 Giovanni Parè, bookseller and publisher in the second half seventeenth-century Venice <p>The discovery of Giovanni Parè’s publishing and bookstore catalogues, a Venetian printer and bookseller at the end of the Seventeenth century, is an opportunity to reconstruct his activity as a book dealer and the close relationship he had had with Giovanni Palazzi, historian, man of letters, engraver. Parè will publish Palazzi’s some works, many of which affected by censorship control due to the evident influences of the Quietist, current accused by the Congregation of the Index and by the Santo Uffizio as not conforming to the dictates of the Catholic Church.</p> Francesca Nepori Copyright (c) 2020 Francesca Nepori 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 12 1 278 342 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/11992 Isis in Bologna: <em>Hieroglyphica</em> and <em>Aegyptiaca</em> in Bologna's book collections between the 16th and 17th centuries <p>The rediscovery of the ancient Egyptian civilization is a distinctive feature of humanistic culture. This Egyptomania, which extends also to the seventeenth and the subsequent centuries, is well documented in early printed books and focuses on two symbolic objects: the Late Roman treatise on hieroglyphs Hieroglyphica by Horapollo and the Tablet of Isis (Mensa Isiaca), a late imperial age pseudo-Goddess altar. This work outlines the editorial adventures of those publications illustrating and popularizing a textual and graphical corpus that well represents the baroque intellectual imaginary about Ancient Egypt, particularly focusing on antiques collections and editorial activities of a close scholars network in Bologna in the XVII century.</p> Antonella Brunelli Copyright (c) 2020 Antonella Brunelli 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 12 1 203 277 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/11991 Ancient book heritage and religious libraries. The case of Sardinia <p>The essay studies the presence of the ancient book heritage in the libraries of Sardinia where, apart from the case of the two University Libraries of Cagliari and Sassari, the most important institutions for the presence of ancient collections are the religious libraries. The relevance of religious libraries for library historiography is one of the topics of the disciplinary debate on which, starting from the specificity of the Sardinian reality, it is possible to develop some reflections. The essay underlines the need to also historically address the study of religious collections in relation to the notion of system. The individual realities, often of modest size and strongly rooted at the territorial level, should be understood as local articulations of a complex library organization, not surprisingly based on centrally defined norms, at the ecclesial or religious order level. On this basis, the case of the Capuchin Library of Cagliari is investigated, one of the most important in Sardinia for the number of ancient volumes, seen in the dialectical relationship between local microcirculation phenomena and adherence to the cultural paradigms of the Order.</p> Giovanna Granata Copyright (c) 2020 Giovanna Granata 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 12 1 167 202 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/11990 New discoveries about the <em>Specchio di Illuminazione</em> by Beata Illuminata Bembo <p>The discovery of some fifteenth-century manuscripts of the Specchio di Illuminazione of Beata Bembo in the so-called “Archivio della Beata Cate­rina”, kept in the Archbishop’s General Archive of Bologna, has opened up new and completely unexpected perspectives on the hagiography of St. Cathe­rine of Vigri, revealing a multiform and complex evolution of this work. Two new editions have emerged, different from the one known so far: one shorter and widely epitomized, the second longer, with significant inserts, concen­trated mainly in chapters VI-IX. Based on some significant clues, the author hypothesizes that this drafting chronologically precedes that of the so-called “autograph” and that it has been the subject of a series of second thoughts and complaints by the author herself or her circle. Some 16th century codices have also emerged, witnesses of the drafting known so far, but not without interest. Very recent paleographic studies had questioned the real autography of the edi­ted manuscript. A first examination of the new acquisitions seems to confirm that they do not derive from the “autograph”, presenting several lessons and disjunctive errors.</p> Riccardo Pane Copyright (c) 2020 Riccardo Pane 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 12 1 101 166 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/11987 The library of Alexandria and the fire that did not destroy it. I: Modern reflections up to Justus Lipsius <p>This paper (first of two parts) aims to gather the most important testimonies of modern age authors regarding the Library of Alexandria, so that can be observed how the fire in 47 b.C. is considered. The increasing knowledge of the classical texts improves gradually the historical reconstruction of the event and poses new questions. Some variae lectiones from greek and roman authors are also discussed in order to draw more accurate conclusions. Particularly is examined the probable source of the Isidorus’ strange number (70.000) in Or. VI, 3, 5, concerning the amount of books destroyed by the fire.</p> Luca Tiberi Copyright (c) 2020 Luca Tiberi 2021-02-01 2021-02-01 12 1 4 100 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/11818 The new column <em>Voci di biblioteche viventi</em> Fiammetta Sabba Copyright (c) 2020 Fiammetta Sabba 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 12 1 1 3 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/11817 Joachim Johann Mader's <em>De scriptis et bibliothecis antediluvianis</em> Joachim Johann Mader's De scriptis et bibliothecis antediluvianis appeared in 1666 as the praefatio of the De bibliothecis atque archivis virorum clarissimorum libelli, the first anthology of treatises on the history of libraries. In his essay, the scholar reconstructs the history of the discovery of the alphabet, writing and the first books. Thanks to the De bibliothecis antediluvianis, Mader completed his anthology with a good piece of news about a mythical period which was not previously well known or studied. Moreover, Mader could give a conceptual framework to the collection. Diego Baldi Copyright (c) 2020 Diego Baldi 2020-06-23 2020-06-23 12 1 118 253 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/11163 The history of the Library of the Chamber of Deputies amidst legislative body, research institutions, and librarians devoted to reference services to Members of Parliament and information assistance to external users <p>The article analyzes the history of the Camera dei Deputati’s Library through the publication: Fernando Venturini, Libri, lettori e bibliotecari a Montecitorio. Storia della Biblioteca della Camera dei deputati, Milano, Wolters Kluwer, Padova, CEDAM, 2019 (Quaderni di Nomos. Le attualità nel diritto. Nuova serie, 7).</p> Mauro Guerrini Rossano De Laurentiis Copyright (c) 2020 Mauro Guerrini, Rossano De Laurentiis 2020-06-23 2020-06-23 12 1 469 491 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/11160 Rossano De Laurentiis, <em>Guido Biagi e la biblioteconomia in Italia tra XIX e XX secolo</em>, presentazione di Mauro Guerrini, Roma, AIB, 2017 Elisabetta Zonca Copyright (c) 2020 Elisabetta Zonca 2020-06-23 2020-06-23 12 1 551 553 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/11151 <em>La cassa dei libri. La famiglia Michelstaedter e la Shoah</em>, a cura di Marco Menato e Simone Volpato, Crocetta del Montello, Antiga, 2019 Alfredo Serrai Copyright (c) 2020 Alfredo Serrai 2020-06-23 2020-06-23 12 1 549 550 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/11150 Elisa Pederzoli, <em>“L’arte di farsi conoscere”. Formiggini e la diffusione del libro e della cultura italiana nel mondo</em>, Roma, Associazione Italiana Biblioteche, 2019 Elisabetta Zonca Copyright (c) 2020 Elisabetta Zonca 2020-06-23 2020-06-23 12 1 547 548 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/11149 Anna Ferrando, <em>Cacciatori di libri. Gli agenti letterari durante il fascismo</em>, Milano, Franco Angeli, 2019 Elisa Marazzi Copyright (c) 2020 Elisa Marazzi 2020-06-23 2020-06-23 12 1 539 546 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/11148 Giuliano Vigini, <em>Editori a Milano. Una storia illustrata dal 1860 al 1940</em>, Milano, Editrice Bibliografica, 2018 Roberta Cesana Copyright (c) 2020 Roberta Cesana 2020-06-23 2020-06-23 12 1 535 538 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/11147 Robert Darnton, <em>Un tour de France letterario. Il mondo dei libri alla vigilia della Rivoluzione francese</em>, Roma, Carocci, 2019 Antonio Castronuovo Copyright (c) 2020 Antonio Catronovo 2020-06-23 2020-06-23 12 1 530 534 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/11146 Francesca Aiello, <em>I libri del cardinale Giuseppe Benedetto Dusmet</em>, Milano, Ledizioni, 2019 Debora Di Pietro Copyright (c) 2020 Debora Di Pietro 2020-06-23 2020-06-23 12 1 527 529 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/11145 Fiammetta Sabba, <em>Angelo Maria Bandini in viaggio Roma (1780-1781)</em>, Firenze, Firenze University Press, 2019 Giovanna Granata Copyright (c) 2020 Giovanna Granata 2020-06-23 2020-06-23 12 1 522 526 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/11144 Francesca Aiello, <em>La biblioteca dei Benedettini di san Nicolò l’Arena a Catania: dalle carte d’archivio alla collezione libraria</em>, Milano, Ledizioni, 2019 Silvia Tripodi Copyright (c) 2020 Silvia Tripodi 2020-06-23 2020-06-23 12 1 519 521 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/11143 <em>La Grande Galleria. Spazio del sapere e rappresentazione del mondo nell’età di Carlo Emanuele I di Savoia</em>, a cura di Franca Varallo e Maurizio Vivarelli, Roma, Carocci, 2019 Alfredo Serrai Copyright (c) 2020 Alfredo Serrai 2020-06-23 2020-06-23 12 1 517 518 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/11142 Silvia Curi Nicolardi, <em>Melchiorre Sessa tipografo ed editore (Venezia 1506-1555)</em>, Milano-Udine, Mimesis, 2019 Valentina Sonzini Copyright (c) 2020 Valentina Sonzini 2020-06-23 2020-06-23 12 1 513 516 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/11141 Urs B. Leu - Sandra Weidmann, <em>Huldrych Zwingli’s private library</em>, Leiden, Brill, 2018 Alfredo Serrai Copyright (c) 2020 Alfredo Serrai 2020-06-23 2020-06-23 12 1 511 512 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/11140 <em>Itinéraires du livre italien à la Renaissance. Suisse romande, anciens Pays-Bas et Liège</em>, sous le direction de Renaud Adam et Chiara Lastraioli, Paris, Classiques Garnier, 2019 Shanti Graheli Copyright (c) 2020 Shanti Graheli 2020-06-23 2020-06-23 12 1 506 510 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/11139 <em>Catalogo degli incunaboli della Biblioteca Panizzi di Reggio Emilia</em>, a cura di Maurizio Festanti, Roma, Istituto Poligrafico e Zecca dello Stato, 2019 Simona Inserra Copyright (c) 2020 Simona Inserra 2020-06-23 2020-06-23 12 1 501 505 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/11138 <em>Catalogo degli incunaboli della Biblioteca storica di Palazzo Campana di Osimo</em>, a cura di Monica Bocchetta, Macerata, EUM, 2019 Simona Inserra Copyright (c) 2020 Simona Inserra 2020-06-23 2020-06-23 12 1 498 500 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/11136 Libraries and pandemic in a secular age Claudio Leombroni Copyright (c) 2020 Claudio Leombroni 2020-06-23 2020-06-23 12 1 1 10 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/11128 Nature and information <p>The genetic code of the human species requires us to react aggressively to threatening situations. Culture, history – as magistra vitae –, philosophy, law and even religion have failed to quell aggressive instincts except through threats and punishments. Until today, scientific achievements have not changed the biological determinants of our species, so as to eliminate its aggressive and destructive components. The recent electronic communication system, which allows not only the exchange of information but also the immediate transmission of emotional and empathic states, can have unpredictable and incisive effects on the collective transformation of human beings.</p> Alfredo Serrai Copyright (c) 2020 Alfredo Serrai 2020-06-23 2020-06-23 12 1 492 497 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/11092 De l’intention à l’action: les bibliothèques publiques et la participation <p>The significant increase in participatory practices in French libraries leads us to question the intentions that govern and precede their implementation. This paper aims to discover these intentions through the study of a participatory cultural program organized by the Bibliothèque municipale of Lyon between November 2016 and March 2017. The programmatic documents consulted, the interviews conducted with the librarians and the observation of participatory activities allow to put in place highlights three reasons that define the roles that the public library wishes to play today in French society: the 'convivialité' library, the 'encapacitation' library and the'engagement' library.</p> Raphaëlle Bats Copyright (c) 2020 Raphaëlle Bats 2020-06-23 2020-06-23 12 1 346 383 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/11041 «In scrineis» of Monna Caterina: The Books of Stefano di Nello Fatinelli (1419) <p>In the unpublished inventory of «bona et iura», which belonged to Stefano Fatinelli (d. 1418), a Lucchese merchant of high lineage, are recorded more than sixty codes which were kept «in scrineis domine Caterine», that is Caterina Martini, widow of the late Stefano. This instrumentum is kept in a notarial protocol of the Lucca State Archive; its discovery allowed to conduct various researches, based on unpublished materials, the results of which are presented here. The essay is divided into three paragraphs. The first one outlines Fatinelli’s profile, through the analysis of his will and the use of other sources, including a manuscript bearer of the life of Saint Zita (d. 1278), the humble servant who worked for the powerful Fatinelli family. The second paragraph is dedicated to the illustration of the inventory and its contextualization: indeed, it was drawn up following a petition, requested by a relative of the late Stefano to the Vicar of the Podestà of Lucca, in order to protect the infant heir to a considerable patrimony. The last paragraph is reserved for books: they are almost camouflaged in the inventory, which is composed by a long theory of land, buildings, household linen, precious fabrics, various furnishings, lists of debtors, etc. belonged to the deceased one. The critical edition of the books inventory items is preceded by some reflections thanks to which the library’s “cultural gradient” is identified. The short list is evidence of a library collection now lost, of which two manuscripts are still recognised. Finally, the appendix contains Stefano Fatinelli’s will and the aforementioned petition. This essay gives the image of one of the private libraries that, starting from the XIVth Century, acquired importance in Lucca. Additionally, it helps to outline the overall picture of the circulation of books and cultural interests within and beyond the city walls in the early fifteenth century.</p> Elisabetta Guerrieri Copyright (c) 2020 Elisabetta Guerrieri 2020-06-23 2020-06-23 12 1 32 54 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/11040 Notes and reflections around <em>Il libro, il popolo, il territorio, da una indagine socio-statistica: memoria storica di biblioteche</em> <p>Pivoting up the socio-statistical survey carried out in 1975 by the Department of Cultural Activities and the Municipal Library of Faenza, returned by the report <em>Il libro, il popolo e il territorio: biblioteche e servizi culturali a Faenza</em>, introduced in the recent re-edition by the protagonists of the time, the contribution traces and discusses for synthetic lines and problems the transformations that have occurred forty-five years later in the idea, identity, function and role of the Italian public library of the third millennium.</p> Rosa Marisa Borraccini Copyright (c) 2020 Rosa Marisa Borraccini 2020-06-23 2020-06-23 12 1 454 468 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/11034 The <em>Abteilung für Sondersammlungen</em> of the Universitäts- und Landesbibliothek Tirol in Innsbruck: a brief introduction on history, status quaestionis and ongoing projects <p>This article outlines the history of the Universitäts- und Landesbibliothek Tirol (University and Provincial Library of Tirol at Innsbruck, ULB Tirol) in Innsbruck from the initial idea for its establishment arising in 1731 through its actual foundation in 1745, as well as its connection, shaped by various interactions, with the Leopold-Franzens-University in Innsbruck founded in 1669. The text also provides general information on the modern-day ULB Tirol, including data on its general tasks and mission, its holdings and numbers of users, and the individual departments of the library. The main focus of the article lies on the Department of Special Collections and its manuscript holdings, however. It offers an overview of the cataloguing projects conducted over the past fifty years and the status quo of those projects, as well as discussing their boundaries and the possibilities they have opened up. Finally, three specific projects are presented that are either currently being implemented or will be undertaken in the coming years and will substantially expand existing knowledge on the department’s manuscript assets. A bibliography lists all modern manuscript catalogs published between 1987 and 2017 as well as the essential literature on the history of the library’s holdings from 1874 to 2019.</p> Claudia Sojer Copyright (c) 2020 Claudia Claudia Sojer 2020-06-23 2020-06-23 12 1 417 453 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/11033 «At the risk of entering into minute and very uninteresting particulars...»: the dispute between Antonio Panizzi and Nicholas Harris Nicolas <p>The paper analyzes the dispute between Panizzi and Nicolas regarding the innovations proposed by the Italian librarian at the British Museum library. The innovations introduced by Panizzi mainly concern the management of the reading room and the rules for the new printed catalog of the printed books of<br />the British Museum library.</p> Lucia Sardo Copyright (c) 2020 Lucia Sardo 2020-06-23 2020-06-23 12 1 394 416 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/11032 Plan d’une bibliotheque universelle <p>Libraries always have been evidence of civilization, culture, tradition, and progress. However, from the Enlightenment period and especially after the French Revolution, libraries become a factor of not only individual, but also collective and social education and elevation. In 1837, Louis Aimé Martin – conservator of the library of Saint Geneviève in Paris – published the essay Plan d’une bibliotheque universelle, where the library is described as a national educational enterprise whose aim is to bring together within the same<br />principles all classes of society. The essay cites the works of the most notable authors of all disciplines, divided by nations for the literary sphere.</p> Alfredo Serrai Copyright (c) 2020 Alfredo Serrai 2020-06-23 2020-06-23 12 1 384 393 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/11031 Archives in the library: parallel worlds that meet? <p>The contribution, starting from the observation that archives and libraries, despite being different and parallel worlds, wants to analyze the difficult relationship between the two realities through a diachronic reconstruction, highlighting the investigations and reflections conducted in Italy over time, and still in progress today , in relation to the complexity and ambiguity of this relationship, due also to the presence of funds and archival documents in libraries, and of documents and literary funds in the archives. The crux of ideal<br />and practical relationships, therefore existing or desirable, between archives and libraries hinges both on normative and managerial aspects, but certainly also conceptual, and therefore it is as complex as it is urgent to try to dissolve it, proposing the meeting of these two worlds parallel thanks to the help of digital technologies and integrated platforms, in order to make the documentary heritage they contain accessible to an increasingly wider audience.</p> Annantonia Martorano Copyright (c) 2020 Annantonia Martorano 2020-06-23 2020-06-23 12 1 318 345 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/11030 The "libraria" of the Capuchin friars of Sanremo and Francesco Corradi's donation <p>The essay starts from the will with which the physician Francesco Corradi, born in Sanremo and died in Genoa in 1865, disposed of his own legacy for various charitable purposes including the creation in his hometown of a public library. Until then, this institute was non-existent in the face of the presence of book collections belonging to religious orders, including Jesuits and Capuchins: the latter’s own books, acquired following the laws of suppression of the ecclesiastical bodies of 1866 and 1867, constituted the first core of the Corradi Library along with the volumes belonging to the doctor himself. The study therefore through the examination of the notes of possession tries to reconstruct the origin and organization of the friars’ collection, then through the analysis of the documentation produced in the meetings of the Municipal Council of Sanremo examines the formative process of the current Civic Library.</p> Luca Tosin Copyright (c) 2020 Luca Tosin 2020-06-23 2020-06-23 12 1 290 317 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/11027 The Arezzo-printed edition of Lodovico Antonio Muratori’s works (1767-1780) <p>Published in 36 volumes between 1767 and 1780, the edition of Lodovico Antonio Muratori’s works is the main product of Arezzo’s ancient typography. Based on original documents owned by Episcopal Seminary of Arezzo, the essay shows the leading actors and the story of the project. The bishop Jacopo Gaetano Inghirami decides to renovate the Seminary’s plan of study through some updated teaching material. Thanks to a clever editorial policy, the expertise of the printer Michele Bellotti and a well-designed distribution network, the publication becomes a commercial product in great demand: in a few months it gets 288 buyers in Italy and abroad. After bishop Inghirami’s death in 1772, Episcopal Seminary of Arezzo and ‘Collegio Serristori’ of Castiglion Fiorentino<br />become the new editors. They buy from ‘Società Palatina di Milano’ the original matrices used for the illustrations of the very first editions of Muratori’s masterpieces: Rerum Italicarum Scriptores and Antiquitates Italicae Medii Aevi. In order to sell the unsold, the editors also swap lots of volumes with selected books by many italians booksellers’ sale catalogues. As many of these books are requested for school use, this practice shows the attention of Seminary’s education to scientific arguments and Enlightenment’s issues. Unfortunately, because of increasing economic problems and printer’s death, the editors decide to stop the publication to the detriment of original project.</p> Riccardo Neri Copyright (c) 2020 Riccardo Neri 2020-06-23 2020-06-23 12 1 254 289 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/11026 An introduction to the incunabula collection of Biblioteca Diocesana in Aosta. With a revision of the description of a fifteenth century edition printed in Lyon and the discovery of an unknown sixteenth century edition <p>Aosta’s Biblioteca Diocesana owns a collection of about 150 incunabula wich have been cataloged in the middle of the last century. The section has been recently reexamined and all the provenance informations are now available in Material Evidence in Incunabula (MEI) database. The activity has made possible to identify ancient owners of incunbula now in the library and helped the study about the circulation of book in Aosta Valley. The research also led to discovery a unknown sixteenth-century edition, which is here described and assigned to the typography of Johann Besicken. A bibliographical revision of the description of a fifteenth-century edition of De consolatione philosophiae printed in Lyons by Guillaume Le Roy is also given.</p> Fabrizio Fossati Copyright (c) 2020 Fabrizio Fossati 2020-06-23 2020-06-23 12 1 82 117 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/11025 Pagination printed by Aldus Manutius <p>Pagination is an important element of the modern book, but the development of pagination and printing techniques have not been adequately studied. The author of this paper discusses pagination by Aldus Manutius (ca. 1450-1515) and his influence on the contemporary printers. Aldus printed 17 paginated books between 1499 and 1514, of which 13 books were printed in Greek (Table 1). His pagination can be divided into three types. Type A comprises books in which the page numbers were printed at the rightmost point of the headline on the recto page and at the leftmost point of the headline on the verso page. Type B comprises books in which the page numbers were printed in the middle of the headline on both the recto and verso pages. Type C comprises books in which the page numbers were printed at the rightmost point of the headline on both the recto and verso pages (Figure 1). Aldus’ preferred Type A and trialled Type B and C paginations when printing in octavo format. He tested all these types until 1508. Among these 17 paginated books, Aldus provided table of contents to nine books (Nos 2, 4, 6-8, and 12-15) and provided index to two books (Nos 1 and 6). But other seven books (Nos 3, 5, 9-11 and 16-17) were not provided any table of contents and index. It is certain that Aldus’s pagination was mainly intended to indicate the positions of the text by page numbers in a table of contents. His works influenced directly Lyon, Florence, and Basel. Johann Froben of Basel (ca. 1460-1527) printed many paginated books including Erasmus’s works, and Greek and Roman classics (Figure 3). Due to Froben’s efforts, pagination spread throughout the Rhine River Basin, Paris, and Antwerp until 1520, and then appeared at some leading centres of printing in East and South Germany, and England (Table 2).</p> Koichi Yukishima Copyright (c) 2020 Koichi Yukishima 2020-06-23 2020-06-23 12 1 11 31 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/11024 The digitalization of the incunabula of Italy: the Central National Library of Rome from IGI to the Polonski project <p>Since 1932 the Central National Library of Rome has developed a specific vocation for the census and study of incunabula in a national perspective. In fact, it is the owner of the direction of IGI - General Index of the Incunabula of Italy which, published from 1943 to 1981, constituted one of the most innovative and complete European projects for the re-cataloging of the bibliographic heritage of the century of the origins of the press. The Library was followed by the Italian contact person for the ISTC - Incunaula Short-Title catalog and Incipit projects of the British Library. Recently, in collaboration with the CERL and thanks to the contribution of the Polonski Foundation in New York, it has launched a new project for the digitalization of incunabula starting from the conspicuous collection of the S. Scholastica di Subiaco library, the cradle of the Italian press, through methods and procedures. innovative products that allow a full-scale research on the specimens treated, through a specific portal and participation in other related projects, such as MEI, Text-Inc and 15cIllustration.</p> Andrea De Pasquale Copyright (c) 2019 Andrea De Pasquale 2020-01-15 2020-01-15 12 1 297 311 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/10398 </em>Viaggi a bordo di una parola. Scritti sull’indicizzazione semantica in onore di Alberto Cheti</em>, a cura di Anna Lucarelli, Alberto Petrucciani, Elisabetta Viti, Roma, Associazione Italiana Biblioteche, 2019 Alfredo Serrai Copyright (c) 2019 Alfredo Serrai 2020-01-15 2020-01-15 12 1 460 461 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/10391 Maria Teresa Biagetti, </em>Le biblioteche digitali. Tipologie, funzionalità e modelli di sviluppo</em>, con scritti di Roberto Raieli, Antonella Iacono, Antonella Trombone, Simona Turbanti, Milano, Franco Angeli, 2019 Alberto Salarelli Copyright (c) 2019 Alberto Salarelli 2020-01-15 2020-01-15 12 1 456 459 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/10390 Carlo Bianchini - Mauro Guerrini, <em>Guida alla biblioteca per gli studenti universitari</em>, con la collaborazione di Andrea Capaccioni, Milano, Editrice Bibliografica, 2019 Agnese Galeffi Copyright (c) 2019 Agnese Galeffi 2020-01-15 2020-01-15 12 1 451 455 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/10389 Loretta De Franceschi, <em>Libri in guerra. Editoria e letture per i soldati in guerra nel primo Novecento</em>, Milano-Udine, Mimesis, 2019 Francesca Nepori Copyright (c) 2019 Francesca Nepori 2020-01-15 2020-01-15 12 1 443 445 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/10388 Dario Agazzi, <em>La Grande Enciclopedia italiana. Dalla Società Savoldi a Treccani. Una vicenda editoriale e famigliare</em>, prefazione di Felice Accame, Milano, Biblion, 2018 Loretta De Franceschi Copyright (c) 2019 Loretta De Franceschi 2020-01-15 2020-01-15 12 1 446 450 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/10387 <em>Giulio Rezasco politico, burocrate e lessicografo. Atti del Convegno, Bolano 13 maggio 2017</em>, a cura di Francesca Nepori, La Spezia, Accademia Lunigianese di Scienze Giovanni Capellini, 2018 Elena Gonnelli Copyright (c) 2019 Elena Gonnelli 2020-01-15 2020-01-15 12 1 440 442 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/10386 Andrea Capaccioni, <em>Le origini della biblioteca contemporanea. Un istituto in cerca di identità tra Vecchio e Nuovo Continente (secoli XVII- XIX)</em>, Milano, Editrice Bibliografica, 2017 Francesca Nepori Copyright (c) 2019 Francesca Nepori 2020-01-15 2020-01-15 12 1 437 439 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/10385 <em>Una marchesa in viaggio per l’Italia. Diario di Margherita Boccapaduli (1794-1795)</em>, a cura di Gilles Bertrand e Marina Pieretti, Roma, Viella, 2019 Fiammetta Sabba Copyright (c) 2019 Fiammetta Sabba 2020-01-15 2020-01-15 12 1 434 436 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/10384 De Bibliothecis Romanorum <em>di Christian Curio. Una tesi di storia delle biblioteche nel 1734</em>, a cura di Diego Baldi; nota filologica e traduzione di Luca Tiberi; con una presentazione di Alfredo Serrai, Roma, CNR-Istituto di studi sul Mediterraneo antico, 2019 Eleonora De Longis Copyright (c) 2019 Eleonora De Longis 2020-01-15 2020-01-15 12 1 430 433 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/10383 Lodovica Braida, <em>L’autore assente. L’anonimato nell’editoria italiana del Settecento</em>, Bari-Roma, Laterza, 2019 Alfredo Serrai Copyright (c) 2019 Alfredo Serrai 2020-01-15 2020-01-15 12 1 429 429 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/10382 <em>Il passeggiere disingannato. Guide di Ferrara in età pontificia. Atti del Convegno (Ferrara, Biblioteca Ariostea, 19 ottobre 2017). Omaggio a Carlo Bassi (1923-2017)</em>, a cura di Ranieri Varese, Firenze, Le Lettere, 2019 Fiammetta Sabba Copyright (c) 2019 Fiammetta Sabba 2020-01-15 2020-01-15 12 1 423 428 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/10381 <em>Le cinquecentine della biblioteca del Convento della Verna</em>, a cura di Chiara Razzolini e Chiara Cauzzi, con una nota di Carlo Ossola, Firenze, Leo S. Olschki Editore, 2019 Francesca Nepori Copyright (c) 2019 Francesca Nepori 2020-01-15 2020-01-15 12 1 420 422 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/10380 Gigliola Fragnito, <em>Rinascimento perduto. La letteratura italiana sotto gli occhi dei censori (secoli XV-XVII)</em>, Bologna, Il Mulino, 2019 Francesca Nepori Copyright (c) 2019 Francesca Nepori 2020-01-15 2020-01-15 12 1 416 419 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/10379 Adriana Alessandrini, <em>Texts and studies</em>, v. 3, <em>Il libro a stampa e la cultura del Rinascimento: un’indagine sulle biblioteche fiorentine negli anni 1470-1520</em>, Firenze, SISMEL Edizioni del Galluzzo, 2018 Giovanni Petrocelli Copyright (c) 2019 Giovanni Petrocelli 2020-01-15 2020-01-15 12 1 412 415 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/10378 Tiziana Plebani, <em>Le scritture delle donne in Europa. Pratiche quotidiane e ambizioni letterarie (secoli XIII-XX)</em>, Roma, Carocci, 2019 Valentina Sonzini Copyright (c) 2019 Valentina Sonzini 2020-01-15 2020-01-15 12 1 408 411 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/10377 <em>Catalogo dei manoscritti della Biblioteca Piana di Cesena</em>, a cura di Lucrezia Signorello, con un saggio introduttivo di Angela Adriana Cavarra, Roma, Istituto Poligrafico e Zecca dello Stato, 2019 Leonardo Magionami Copyright (c) 2019 Leonardo Magionami 2020-01-15 2020-01-15 12 1 405 407 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/10376 Advanced training course <em>Biblioteche d’autore contemporanee: Metodologia di acquisizione, gestione e valorizzazione</em> (National Central Library of Rome, 29-31 October 2019) <p>The paper offers a report of the advanced training course Contemporary personal libraries: methodologies of acquisition, management and promotion, held at the National Central Library of Rome from 29th to 31st of October 2019. The course has been organised in response to the increasing interest and to the numerous problems related to management, handling and promotion of XX century’s personal libraries. The speeches, given by qualified experts in management, handling, study and analysis of contemporary personal libraries, deal with various topics regarding acquisition, management, presentation of case studies and finally appreciation and promoting. Thanks to institutions’ proponents and to the analysis of case studies, the course has given to attend relevant starting points and practical suggestions for an updated and aware approach to personal libraries.</p> Silvia Tripodi Copyright (c) 2019 Silvia Tripodi 2020-01-15 2020-01-15 12 1 394 404 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/10375 The use of new technologies: from virtual to pragmatic, the experience of the Luca Pacioli library <p>New technologies have transformed the organization of Public Administration in Italy. Innovations include online services and improved communication with users. Concurrently the concept of formation has changed. Today continuing professional development is vital to ensure that the sector’s human capital remains abreast of innovative work practices and technologies. Libraries are adapting their services to an ever evolving environment, taking on the challenges of the information revolution. The Luca Pacioli Library derwent radical change, eliminating open shelving in 2006. Its adaptive strategies have succeeded in inspiring reading and knowledge creation, and its continuing growth demonstrates its importance in this context. Despite the space reduction and loss of open shelving, thanks to the automated robotic retrieval system, interactive catalog, e-learning platform and elegant space, readers’ information seeking journeys pass from the tangible to the virtual and vice versa. Users have participated enthusiastically in the initiative which asks them to write a review of the book they have borrowed. Published on the e-learning platform, these reviews demonstrate continual commitment to and appreciation of language use.</p> Paola Maddaluno Copyright (c) 2019 Paola Maddaluno 2020-01-15 2020-01-15 12 1 382 393 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/10374 Sigla Effe, Genoese publisher of <em>Mio padre comandante di Fiume</em> by Mario D’annunzio <p>The collection Carte Tito Rosina, preserved in the Biblioteca universitaria of Genoa, contains the correspondence between Tiro Rosina (a genoese literary man), Ernesto Fassio and Gambaro (the first was the owner and the second the Director of Sigla Effe, a publisher in Genova). In the letters we can find the informations about a book by Mario d’Annunzio. This book is the way to discover Sigla Effe history and production.</p> Valentina Sonzini Copyright (c) 2019 Valentina Sonzini 2020-01-15 2020-01-15 12 1 358 381 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/10373 Massèra a forgotten librarian <p>The article analyzes the figure of Aldo Francesco Massèra (1883-1928), sixteenth librarian of the Gambalunga Library of Rimini, through the publication of the Proceedings of the Conference held in Rimini and Geneva between 2015 and 2016.</p> Mauro Guerrini Rossano De Laurentiis Copyright (c) 2019 Mauro Guerrini, Rossano De Laurentiis 2020-01-15 2020-01-15 12 1 345 357 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/10372 The former San Niccolò psychiatric hospital in Siena: a polymorphic reality between architecture, archive and library <p>Following the closure of the asylums approved by the Basaglia Law, the care of the sick was entrusted to the extra-hospital services set up in public or private hospitals. The heritage of the asylum institutions, which conists not only of the archive, of real estate, of libraries, of museum collections of medical tools and of asylum furnishings, was entrusted to the competent ASL (Local Health Bodies). The sanitary archive of the San Niccolò psychiatric hospital was kept in the premises of the former Chiarugi department, located within the former mental hospital complex in via Roma. It consists of a total of 1916 pieces, which cover a continuous chronological period from 1819 to 2003. In 2003, however, the ASL of Siena decided to donate the Library of San Niccolò to the Faculty of Medicine of the city to avoid dispersing the huge library heritage. The archive as well as the library of the San Niccolò of Siena psychiatric hospital allow us, through the knowledge of the institution’s history, to recover the real experience of the doctors, nurses and patients who<br />populated the asylum.</p> Elisabetta Angrisano Copyright (c) 2019 Elisabetta Angrisano 2020-01-15 2020-01-15 12 1 312 344 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/10371 Select to preserve: the construction of memory in ecclesiastical archives between history and practice <p>Even if the memory is selective, reading the past gives new meaning to the present connected with the threads of time, reflected by the lights and shadows of the past and projected into the future. The documentation must be cultivated and preserved beforehand; otherwise there is a weak memory with difficulties and risks, in which the loss of tradition is a near danger. In the context of great cultural changes, the preservation of memory, already complicated on its behalf, may be even more difficult, given the lack of organic works designed to illustrate the set of political, administrative, judicial, ecclesiastical, economic and financial institutions in the specific vision of the relationship between the history and functions of the institutions on the one hand, and the production of writings on the other. Awareness of the preservation of one’s memory was a long process in the history of the Church and perhaps not yet concluded. The article, after a historical excursus of the provisions relating to the construction of ecclesiastical archives and the legislation on the conservation of the acts, focuses attention on selection and waste, trying to highlight the crucial passages and changes that have occurred in the various centuries until today.</p> Gilda Nicolai Copyright (c) 2019 Gilda Nicolai 2020-01-15 2020-01-15 12 1 255 296 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/10369 Third Mission, Communication, and Academic Libraries <p>The paper traces the history of ‘Third Mission”, from an ethical perspective to an institutional task, defining the relevance in it of the information-research-society relationship, and the role of communication and of Public Engagement, both as tools to implement this relationship. The second part analyses the normative documents and the ministerial procedures, presenting the structural evolution, and reserving a specific in-depth analysis to the academic libraries as special laboratory places for a conjunction between research and society.</p> Fiammetta Sabba Copyright (c) 2019 Fiammetta Sabba 2020-01-15 2020-01-15 12 1 219 254 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/10368 Princely County of Gorizia and Gradisca, 1873-1914: creation and analysis of a digital corpus of periodicals in their historical context <p>Digital libraries allow not only to improve the preservation of documents and to facilitate access by users, but also to experiment with new methods; for example, it is possible to examine the statistical relationships between the contents of thousands of documents in a short time, an operation almost inaccessible to traditional methods. The key step remains that of converting from analogue support, paper or microfilm, to the digital one, including the transformation of images of the printed text into digital text: only in this way is it possible to statistically analyze those texts, an analysis that cannot be separated from the historical context of their production and from other sources. In this article, we describe in detail the process of creating a digital corpus formed by Italian newspapers published in Gorizia between 1873 and 1914. This includes digitization, editable text extraction, annotation process and statistical analysis of the resulting time series. The data thus obtained are compared with a corpus of Slovenian newspapers printed in the same city and at the same time, already digitized by the Slovene National Library. The analysis of the 47.466 pages of Italian newspapers allows us to demonstrate the type of information that can be extracted from a digital corpus, highlighting the importance of operating within a historical and comparative context. This example of multilingual digital humanism allows us to identify the statistical traces of profound cultural transitions that have taken place in a very complex geographical area and historical period, whose study cannot ignore a particular attention to cultural, technological and social transformations.</p> Nello Cristianini Thomas Lansdall-Welfare Gaetano Dato Marco Menato Copyright (c) 2019 Nello Cristianini, Thomas Lansdall-Welfare, Gaetano Dato, Marco Menato 2020-01-15 2020-01-15 12 1 169 218 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/10365 Some unpublished documents about Giuseppe Fumagalli (with the edition of an obituary by Vittorio Camerani) <p>The paper examines some unpublished documents concerning Giuseppe Fumagalli preserved in the archive of the Italian Library Association, presenting and commenting (in view of an integral publication) the correspondence between Fumagalli and Vittorio Camerani (1898-1961), sincere friends from the thirties of the twentieth century. The letters inform us that shortly before his death, which occurred in 1939, Fumagalli had entrusted Camerani with some biographical notes, with the request to publish his obituary. Probably composed during the war years, the obituary remained unpublished and is now preserved in the historical archive of the AIB among the documents of Vittorio Camerani. The edition of the obituary and biographical notes is provided in the appendix.</p> Enrico Pio Ardolino Copyright (c) 2019 Enrico Pio Ardolino 2020-01-15 2020-01-15 12 1 115 168 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/10359 A note to Christian Curio's <em>De Bibliothecis Romanorum</em> <p>The De Bibliothecis Romanorum is a phd dissertation discussed by Christian Curio in 1734. In this dissertation is reconstructed the history of ancient roman libraries in 25 chapters, with a lot of information and an innovative method. The praefatoria and the greek little poem included in the dissertation are published for the first time in this paper.</p> Diego Baldi Copyright (c) 2019 Diego Baldi 2020-01-15 2020-01-15 12 1 98 114 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/10358 Origins and developments of the bibliography in the Order of Friars Minor Capuchin (Part II) <p>The essay reconstructs the history of the Capuchin bibliography whose origins are erroneously identified with the publication of the Bibliotheca of Dionisio da Genova, in 1680, or even with that of Bernardo da Bologna, in 1747. Through the study of the various bibliographies of the Order it was attempted to recognize the relationships that the bibliographies have between them (the ones following the previous ones) allowing to recover the ranks of Capuchin history to the present day.</p> Francesca Nepori Copyright (c) 2019 Francesca Nepori 2020-01-15 2020-01-15 12 1 43 97 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/10357 About the legend of Alexandria: Epiphanius, <em>De mensuris et ponderibus</em>, cap. 9 <p>A new interpretation of a passage of Epiphanius’ De mensuris et ponderibus, chapter 9 is proposed. Considering the text resulting from the manuscript tradition and from the corrections made by the editors of Epiphanius, we gain two conclusions: 1) the text of the older codices Vaticani is not correct for the sense; 2) the better text of a group of later codices, that is satisfying for the sense and for the grammar, was misunderstood by some editors, producing a wrong interpretation of the whole passage: the king Ptolemy Philadelphus knew from Demetrius Phalereus that existed a people, ancestor of the Romans, called Latins by the Greeks of the early III century b.C. If this is true, the king may have been in search of the Latins’ books for his library.</p> Luca Tiberi Copyright (c) 2019 Luca Tiberi 2020-01-15 2020-01-15 12 1 8 42 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/10356 Pansophism versus Bibliophilia: the refoundation of the bibliographic sciences Alfredo Serrai Copyright (c) 2019 Alfredo Serrai 2020-01-15 2020-01-15 12 1 1 7 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/10355 Lucia Sardo, <em>La catalogazione. Storia, tendenze, problemi aperti</em>, Milano, Editrice Bibliografica, 2017 Alfredo Serrai Copyright (c) 2019 Alfredo Serrai 2019-06-12 2019-06-12 12 1 390 391 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/9524 <em>Rapporto sulle biblioteche italiane 2015-2017</em>, a cura di Vittorio Ponzani; direzione scientifica di Giovanni Solimine, Roma, Associazione italiana biblioteche, 2019 Lucia Sardo Copyright (c) 2019 Lucia Sardo 2019-06-12 2019-06-12 12 1 386 389 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/9523 Stefano Pigliapoco, <em>Progetto archivio digitale. Metodologia, sistemi, professionalità</em>, Torre del Lago (Lucca), Civita Editoriale, 2018 Giovanni Aprea Copyright (c) 2019 Giovanni Aprea 2019-06-12 2019-06-12 12 1 382 385 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/9522 Michael Knoche, <em>Die Idee der Bibliothek und ihre Zukunft</em>, Göttingen, Wallstein Verlag, 2017 Alfredo Serrai Copyright (c) 2019 Alfredo Serrai 2019-06-12 2019-06-12 12 1 377 381 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/9521 Antonella Trombone, <em>Principi di catalogazione e rappresentazione delle entità bibliografiche</em>, presentazione di Diego Maltese, Roma, Associazione Italiana Biblioteche, 2018 Alfredo Serrai Copyright (c) 2019 Alfredo Serrai 2019-06-12 2019-06-12 12 1 375 376 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/9520 Gabriele Turi, <em>Libri e lettori nell’Italia repubblicana</em>, Roma, Carocci, 2018 Elisa Marazzi Copyright (c) 2019 Elisa Marazzi 2019-06-12 2019-06-12 12 1 369 374 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/9519 <em>La biblioteca di Pier Paolo Pasolini</em>, a cura di Graziella Chiarcossi e Franco Zabagli, Firenze, Leo S. Olschki, 2017 Valentina Sonzini Copyright (c) 2019 Valentina Sonzini 2019-06-12 2019-06-12 12 1 364 368 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/9518 Giovanni Di Domenico, <em>«Organismo vivente». La biblioteca nell’opera di Ettore Fabietti</em>, Roma, Associazione Italiana Biblioteche, 2018 Elisabetta Zonca Copyright (c) 2019 Elisabetta Zonca 2019-06-12 2019-06-12 12 1 361 363 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/9517 <em>Da Lucca a New York a Lugano: Giuseppe Martini libraio fra Otto e Novecento. Atti del convegno di Lucca, 17-18 ottobre 2014</em>, a cura di Edoardo Barbieri, Olschki, Firenze, 2017 Simone Volpato Copyright (c) 2019 Simone Volpato 2019-06-12 2019-06-12 12 1 354 360 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/9516 Edward Wilson-Lee, <em>Il catalogo dei libri naufragati. Il figlio di Cristoforo Colombo e la ricerca della biblioteca universale</em>, traduzione di Susanna Bourlot, Torino, Bollati Boringhieri, 2019 Hans Tuzzi Copyright (c) 2019 Hans Tuzzi 2019-06-12 2019-06-12 12 1 351 353 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/9515 Rémi Jimenes, <em>Charlotte Guillard. Une femme imprimeur à la Reinassance</em>, préface de Roger Chartier, Tours, Presses universitaires François-Rabelais de Tours, Rennes, Presses universitaires de Rennes, 2017 Valentina Sonzini Copyright (c) 2019 Valentina Sonzini 2019-06-12 2019-06-12 12 1 346 350 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/9514 Palacio Real (Madrid). Biblioteca, <em>Impresos del siglo XVI</em>, [dirección, María Luisa López-Vidriero et al.], Madrid, Editorial Patrimonio Nacional 2014 Alfredo Serrai Copyright (c) 2019 Alfredo Serrai 2019-06-12 2019-06-12 12 1 344 345 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/9513 <em>The Afterlife of Aldus. Posthumous Fame, Collectors and the Book Trade</em>, edited by Jill Kraye and Paolo Sachet, London, The Warburg Institute, 2018 Simona Inserra Copyright (c) 2019 Simona Inserra 2019-06-12 2019-06-12 12 1 341 343 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/9512 <em>Gli ordinamenti originari degli archivi</em>, a cura di Raffaele Santoro, Trieste, EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, 2018 Stefano Gardini Copyright (c) 2019 Stefano Gardini 2019-06-12 2019-06-12 12 1 336 340 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/9511 Gian Arturo Ferrari, <em>Libro</em>, Torino, Bollati Boringhieri, 2014 Alfredo Serrai Copyright (c) 2019 Alfredo Serrai 2019-06-12 2019-06-12 12 1 334 335 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/9510 Personal funds as traces of use, ties and memories: notes from the international conference “Il privilegio della parola scritta: gestione, conservazione e valorizzazione di carte e libri di persona” (University of Salerno, 10-12 April 2019) The paper presents the contents of the international conference “The privilege of the written word: management, conservation and enhancement of personal papers and books”, held at the University of Salerno on April 10- 12th, 2019, coordinated by Giovanni Di Domenico (University of Salerno) and Fiammetta Sabba (University of Bologna). Representatives of library and archive professional and scientific communities confronted (thanks also to other European countries authoritative experts) and discussed about conservation, management and enhancement (more and more in the digital environment) of personal archives and libraries from the late nineteenth and twentieth century, hybrid funds and collections which preserve many types of documents and which testify the intellectual activity of leading figures of culture, professions and arts. At the end of the conference, the Guidelines on the treatment of personal funds, edited by the National Commission of special libraries, personal archives and libraries of the Italian Library Association, were presented and discussed; this was an opportunity to deepen the topics addressed by reports, with the final wish to use the confrontation as a starting point to realize ideas and suggestions. Anna Bilotta Copyright (c) 2019 Anna Bilotta 2019-06-12 2019-06-12 12 1 315 333 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/9509 What happened in the library? Cosa è successo in biblioteca? Readers and libraries from historical investigations to current issues. Lettori e biblioteche tra indagine storica e problemi attuali. Conference report The paper includes a detailed report of the conference held in Rome (27 and 28 September 2018), at the Sapienza University of Rome, entitled What happened in the library? = Cosa è successo in biblioteca? Readers and libraries from historical investigations to current issues = Lettori e biblioteche tra indagine storica e problemi attuali. Monica Bocchetta Copyright (c) 2019 Monica Bocchetta 2019-06-12 2019-06-12 12 1 309 314 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/9508 Academic and research libraries: Third mission between experience of practice and theory (CNR, Rome, 9 April 2019) The Third stream (or Third mission) is a new emerging topic for academic and research libraries. The article deals with the discussions and reflections driven during the first Italian workshop on Third stream and libraries organized by the Central Library “Guglielmo Marconi” of the CNR (National Research Council) in Rome. The Third stream takes on new goals for the academic libraries, i.e.: the development of the cultural heritage, the long lasting education and the public engagement. In the workshop the best practices of some Italian university libraries (Roma Sapienza, Firenze, Torino, Napoli Federico II, and Ferrara) and two research libraries: the library G. Marconi of the CNR in Rome and the library of the CNR in Potenza have been presented. The discussion has highlighted a great number of activities carried out by Italian libraries that relate to the Third mission and contribute to expand academic library users and to attract the attention of new stakeholders and publics. The Third mission is increasingly becoming an element which changes the model of the academic and research libraries by giving them a role to play for the development of the society. Maria Cassella Nicola Madonna Copyright (c) 2019 Maria Cassella, Nicola Madonna 2019-06-12 2019-06-12 12 1 285 308 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/9507 “Non per emettere sentenze, ma per capire chi era”. Notes in the margin of a disputed book The book that the historian Sergio Luzzatto has dedicated to the biographical-judicial events that have involved, and in part still involve, Marino Massimo De Caro and his countless thefts and falsifications of ancient printed works, has aroused much controversy, both among the employees of the works (antiquarian booksellers, librarians, book historians), both among simple readers, despite the fact that Luzzatto himself, in several parts of his book, had underlined the difficulty and complexity of dealing in a balanced manner with such an ambiguous and elusive personality, but also clever and shrewd, like that of De Caro. The reading of this book has therefore turned into a sort of “tribunal of the people”, now with two defendants: the author himself and De Caro; this may seem paradoxical considering the very niche topic of the book. The paper tries to shed more light on a story that involves, on the one hand, an ambiguous and unedifying character, who nevertheless paid for his crimes, and on the other a serious and qualified historian grappling with a “monster” from having to get away with no way out. Massimo Gatta Copyright (c) 2019 Massimo Gatta 2019-06-12 2019-06-12 12 1 273 284 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/9506 Bibliography between order and disorder: in search of form Paper about the concept of Bibliography starting from the book by Alfredo Serrai, Bibliografia come scienza: introduzione al quadro scientifico e storico della bibliografia (Milan, Biblion, 2018). Maurizio Vivarelli Copyright (c) 2019 Maurizio Vivarelli 2019-06-12 2019-06-12 12 1 260 272 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/9505 Book cataloging: a reverse way The rules of book-cataloging are incomplete and inaccurate when they are based on a particular book-collection and on a particular historical context. The proper way to find universal and satisfactory cataloging rules is to deduce them by the principles of bibliography. Since the bibliography has the task to identify and organize the semantic structures and links which underlying the human knowledge, a cataloging system based on bibliography would have the same features. Such a system would be effective in every age and context. Alfredo Serrai Copyright (c) 2019 Alfredo Serrai 2019-06-12 2019-06-12 12 1 249 259 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/9504 The bibliographic metadata in Wikidata: Wikicite and the «» case study In recent years, the attention of the librarian world aimed at the progress of Linked Open Data technology and Wikimedia projects has focused on Wikidata, whose infrastructure has proved to be perfectly compatible with Wikicite, an initiative that aims to build a vast database of bibliographic references in linked open data. As part of this initiative, many projects originate from collaborations between the Wikimedia Foundation and libraries: the Library of the University of Salerno also actively participated in the initiative, including the bibliographic metadata of the journal It is the first italian example of corpus related to a scientific periodical of bibliographicbiblioteconomical scope entirely loaded in Wikidata. The project allows the use of data in any project or program that uses the LOD technology, in order to facilitate the interchange between cultural resources and satisfy the information needs of the user. In the area of bibliography and librarianship, this action represents a new way of creating and sharing bibliographic data, of doing information retrieval and of conducting bibliometric analysis. The positive effects of the project concern the wiki community, which needs reliable and verified sources to base its contents, and the scientific community: by openly publishing the citations sets, an enormous graph of scientific knowledge is opened, encouraging the dissemination, publication and open evaluation of research results. Alessandra Boccone Remo Rivelli Copyright (c) 2019 Alessandra Boccone, Remo Rivelli 2019-06-12 2019-06-12 12 1 227 248 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/9503 Between describing and drawing: a "transcription error" in the illustration of the monstrificate fanciulle in the Hypnerotomachia Poliphili <p>What does it happen when, in a verbal-visual text, images break free of textual constraints and deliver their own message? In Hypnerotomachia Poliphili, Aldo Manuzio’s work dated 1499, the images that have a narrative function are spatially tied up to the text fragment that describes the relevant action. Conversely, images with a descriptive function serve as a graphic summary of the numerous details recorded by the main character. All except one: illustration number 73. It portrays the decorative pattern of a well in the temple of Venus Physizoa. The text’s author describes the image in great detail. Instead the illustrator draws some features, omits others and goes as far as to add a few details on his own initiative. This errand creates a de facto hybrid image: a 2.0 mermaid.</p> Linda Barcaioli Copyright (c) 2019 Linda Barcaioli 2019-06-12 2019-06-12 12 1 213 226 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/9502 The short circuit of the public library Finally, it seems like there are no obstacles to the fulfilment of the public library original dream to be a library for everyone, since the universal education has been in place for a long time now. All the same, even in the most innovative libraries, the actual users, as compared to population, are a minority. In addition, after the economic crisis has sprung, the whole public sector is suffering in terms of funding and support. In the last decades, public libraries have started reinventing themselves to become more attractive for their audiences and more in line with contemporary society. The boundaries of their mission become broader and broader while the role of public libraries is reinterpreted as a support to social – more than cultural – needs. The article wonders whether and how much this path should be followed and how the potentially resulting short circuit can be managed. Anna Galluzzi Copyright (c) 2019 Anna Galluzzi 2019-06-12 2019-06-12 12 1 183 212 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/9501 The Gaetano Cicognani Library in Faenza. An ongoing research between history, books and papers The Gaetano Cicognani Library in Faenza is linked to the life of its Seminary which, in 1953, after the hard years of the Second World War, was definitively moved to its present location by Bishop Giuseppe Battaglia. Also in the case of Faenza, the study of the historical and cultural events that characterize the institution and the life of the seminary brings new pieces to the wider picture not only of the religious and cultural history, but also of the political and social history of the territory in which it arose. In the project of the new seminar pursued by Battaglia the construction of the annexed library occupied a prominent place and from the very beginning could count on the support and commitment of Cardinal Gaetano Cicognani (1881-1962) who, at the time, had been together to his brother Amleto Giovanni, a student from the Faenza seminary to whom, despite diplomatic and curial commitments, they maintained constant attention and concern. Gaetano Cicognani took charge of the library in all aspects, with particular attention to enriching constantly the book heritage in which flowed also the texts belonging to the cardinal’s personal library and part of his eloquent and not yet studied testimonials, of his activity of apostolic nuncio in crucial years and nations such as Austria of the years 1936-38 or Spain of the period 1938-53, and of his involvement in the preparatory works of the Vatican Council II. After the cardinal’s death in 1962, “his” library continued to expand, recording a considerable increase in its assets. It has gradually become a gathering point for religious and monastic funds belonging to convents and religious settlements closed or transferred to other offices and libraries of diocesan priests. Elisabetta Marchetti Copyright (c) 2019 Elisabetta Marchetti 2019-06-12 2019-06-12 12 1 148 182 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/9500 Considerations on the outcomes of the Inquiry of the Congregation of the Index (1598-1603): the Lucan case The article proposes an examination of the data obtained from the inspection of the book lists coming from 51 monasteries or convents in the Lucanian area and produced as part of the great survey carried out at the behest of the Congregation of the Index between the end of the sixteenth and the beginning of the seventeenth century. The focus is on the publishing informations extrapolated from the bibliographic descriptions surveyed, in an attempt to define an essential map of the editorial presence in the monastic libraries of Basilicata and compare it with the general trend that emerges from the various studies published in the last decade. Giovanni Petrocelli Copyright (c) 2019 Giovanni Petrocelli 2019-06-12 2019-06-12 12 1 119 147 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/9499 Origins and developments of the bibliography in the Order of Friars Minor Capuchin (Part I) The essay reconstructs the history of the Capuchin bibliography whose origins are erroneously identified with the publication of the Bibliotheca of Dionisio da Genova, in 1680, or even with that of Bernardo da Bologna, in 1747. Through the study of the various bibliographies of the Order it was attempted to recognize the relationships that the bibliographies have between them (the ones following the previous ones) allowing to recover the ranks of Capuchin history to the present day. Francesca Nepori Copyright (c) 2019 Francesca Nepori 2019-06-12 2019-06-12 12 1 84 118 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/9498 Minorum Capuccinorum bibliotheca Bononiae: incunabula and sixteenth-century editions of the Library of the convent of the Friars Minor Capuchin of Bologna The cataloguing of the incunabula and the sixteenth-century books kept in the library of the Minor Capuchin Friars’ monastery in Bologna was carried out, where all the book funds present in the territory, coming from the convents of the entire minority province, have converged over time. The following information is provided on each sheet: the signature, the author, the title, the typographic notes, the format, the language and the provenance, or all the indications retrievable from the cover, guard page, frontispiece (such as handwritten notes, ex libris, seals, stamps) useful for retracing the conservative events of the text. As far as the library is concerned, an investigation was carried out to reconstruct the passage through time of the texts, the origins, the dispersions, which are also fundamental for understanding the culture of the Capuchin family. Donatella Biagi Maino Giuseppe Maino Copyright (c) 2019 Donatella Biagi Maino, Giuseppe Maino 2019-06-12 2019-06-12 12 1 60 83 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/9497 Libro d’Uccelli in pictura. A study of manuscript 2 of the Alessandrina University Library of Rome The manuscript 2 of the Alexandrine University Library in Rome, coming from the personal library of the last Duke of Urbino, Francesco Maria II Della Rovere, preserves inside about 300 color plates of birds and real and fantastic animals, all inserted in an extremely refined naturalistic context, in excellent condition. The sixteenth-century binding, richly adorned on the plates and on the back with allegorical and phytomorphic motifs inserted inside a geometric frame. The aim of the research was to reconstruct its history, starting from all those non-textual elements, of which the code is totally devoid, which identify the most properly physical-material aspect. Through the analysis of the paper and the watermark, of the binding and its ornamentation,and finally the opening coat of arms of the codex, it was possible not only to date it precisely but also to identify the workshop of origin and discover the one who orders its manufacture and that is the Bolognese natural scientist Ulisse Aldrovandi. A precious gift for the Duke Francesco Maria II who will become his patron, supporting him economically in the print of his scientific works. Chiara Faia Copyright (c) 2019 Chiara Faia 2019-06-12 2019-06-12 12 1 4 59 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/9496 Languages, Codes and Information Alfredo Serrai Copyright (c) 2019 Alfedo Serrai 2019-06-12 2019-06-12 12 1 1 3 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/9495 Gino Roncaglia, <em>L’età della frammentazione. Cultura del libro e scuola digitale</em>, Roma-Bari, Laterza, 2018 Lucia Sardo Copyright (c) 2019 Lucia Sardo 2018-12-31 2018-12-31 12 1 515 518 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/9017 Paola Castellucci, <em>Carte del nuovo mondo. Banche dati e Open Access</em>, Bologna, Il Mulino, 2017 Alberto Salarelli Copyright (c) 2019 Alberto Salarelli 2018-12-31 2018-12-31 12 1 509 514 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/9016 <em>L’eredità di Ernesto Rossi. Il fondo della Biblioteca Paolo Baffi</em>, a cura di Simonetta Schioppa e Silvia Mastrantonio, Roma, Banca d’Italia Eurosistema, 2018 Fiammetta Sabba Copyright (c) 2019 Fiammetta Sabba 2018-12-31 2018-12-31 12 1 505 508 10.6092/issn.2283-9364/9015